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Analysis of surgeries performed after hysteroscopic sterilization as tabulated from 3,803 Essure patient experiences

대한산부인과학회지 2017년 60권 3호 p.296 ~ 302
Sills E Scott, Li Xiang, Wood Samuel H, Jones Christopher A,
소속 상세정보
 ( Sills E Scott ) - Center for Advanced Genetics
 ( Li Xiang ) - Center for Advanced Genetics
 ( Wood Samuel H ) - Reproductive Sciences Medical Center
 ( Jones Christopher A ) - University of Vermont College of Medicine Department of Surgery

Abstract


Objective: Although previous research has suggested that risk for reoperation among hysteroscopic sterilization (HS) patients is more than ten times higher than for patients undergoing standard laparoscopic tubal ligation, little has been reported about these subsequent procedures.

Methods: This descriptive cohort study used a confidential online questionnaire to gather data from women (n=3,803) who volunteered information on HS followed by device removal surgery performed due to new symptoms developing after Essure placement.

Results: In this sample, mean age was 35.6 years and women undergoing hysterectomy after HS comprised 64.9% (n=2,468). Median interval between HS and hysterectomy was 3.7 (interquartile range, 3.9) years and mean age at hysterectomy was 36.3 years. Some patients (n=1,035) sought removal of HS devices and fallopian tubes only, while other miscellaneous gynecological procedures were also occasionally performed for Essure-associated symptoms. When data from all patients who had any post-Essure surgery besides hysterectomy were aggregated (e.g., device removal + “other” cases, n=1,335) and compared to those cases undergoing hysterectomy, mean age was significantly lower than for the hysterectomy group (34.4 vs. 36.3 years, respectively; P<0.01); uterus-conserving surgeries were also typically performed significantly earlier than hysterectomy (P<0.01).

Conclusion: This investigation is the first to characterize specific gynecological operations after Essure, and suggests that the predominant surgical answer to HS complaints is hysterectomy for many women. Dissatisfaction with HS may represent an important indication for hysterectomy and additional study is needed to quantify this phenomenon.

키워드

Contraception; Essure; Hysterectomy; Sterilization

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