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甘草 Alkaloidal Fraction의 平滑筋에 對한 Acetylcholine 拮抗作用

Antimuscarine-like Action of Licorice Alkaloidal Fraction on Intestinal Smooth Muscle

대한약리학잡지 1969년 5권 2호 p.47 ~ 53
김명석, 吳鎭燮, 洪思岳,
소속 상세정보
김명석 (  ) - 서울대학교 醫科大學 藥理學敎室
吳鎭燮 (  ) - 서울대학교 醫科大學 藥理學敎室
洪思岳 (  ) - 서울대학교 醫科大學 藥理學敎室

Abstract


Antimuscarinic agent like antispasmodic actions of licorice alkaloidal fraction, obtained from the Glycyrrhiza glabra L., was compared with that of atropine quantitatively.
For this purpose, the author calculated the kinetic constants and ED_(50) for acetylcholine antagonism by these drugs on rat ileum and guinea-pig ileum longitudinal muscle according to Paton´s theoretical equations describing the combination of an antagonist drug with its receptors.
The results are as follows.
1. On rat ileum.
a) Licorice alkaloidal fraction
K₁ (association rate constant)=4.078×10²(s^(-1) gm^(-1) ml)
K₂ (dissociation rate constant)=6.986×10^(-4) (s^(-1))
ED_(50)(K₂/K₁)=1.772×10^(-6)(gm/ml)
b) Atropine
K₁=5.136×10^(6), K₂=7.714×10^(-4)
ED_(50)= 1.408×10^(-10)
2. On guinea-pig ileum longitudinal muscle
a) Licorice alkaloidal fraction
K₁=1.30×10², K₂=1.25×10^(-3)
ED_(50)=9.58×10^(-6)
b) Atropine
K₁=5.75×10^(6), K₂=1.54×10^(-3)
ED_(50)=2.68×10^(-10)
Above results present that 1 r of licorice alkaloidal fraction has equal potency of acetylcholine antagonism with 8.5×10^(-5)r of atropine on rat ileum, 2.8×10^(-5)r on guinea-pig ileum longitudinal muscle.
This facts suggest that the site and numbers of licorice alkaloid receptors of guinea-pig ileum are different from that of rat ileum.
Besides, it also gives a suggestion that licorice alkaloidal fraction may be a partial antagonist on guinea-pig ileum in this experimental conditions.

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