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Q방법론에 의한 치기공학과 학생의 치과기공사 직업이미지 인식 연구

A study of the occupational image of dental technicians among dental technology students by the Q-methodology

대한치과기공학회지 2020년 42권 3호 p.240 ~ 247
이혜은, 김영란,
소속 상세정보
이혜은 ( Lee Hye-Eun ) - Kyungdong University Department of Dental Hygiene
김영란 ( Kim Young-Ran ) - Wonkwang Health Science University Department of Radiology

Abstract


Purpose: This study aimed to employ a Q-methodological approach that can understand the characteristics of each type according to the subjective structures of humans, to help understand type-specific characteristics and to provide a basis for creating the image of dental technicians among dental technology students based on the characteristics of each type.
Methods: The Q-methodology was used for this study. 120 Q-statements were obtained from a qualitative survey of 120 students of the department of dental technology. To select the Qsample, the Q-population was categorized by taking several repeated readings. The selected statements were reviewed and revised by experts and 33 Q-samples were finally selected. The data were then analyzed using the PQ method program.

Results: Among 42 P specimens, 22 were classified into type 1, 9 types 2, and 11 types 3. “Type 1” recognizes the image of dental technicians positively and optimistically (Z=1.29) (Z=1.74), but it is named “self-development oriented” in the sense that steady self-development must be underpinned (Z=1.37). “Type 2” agreed strongly that they could work for a lifetime without age or gender discrimination (Z=2.09). This type was referred to as "professional- oriented" because the recognition of dental technicians is more focused on “professional.” “Type 3” was tagged “pride-oriented,” showing the strongest agreement that they can be proud of their job as healthcare workers (Z=1.08).

Conclusion: Many studies on such an image should be carried out to determine the importance of occupational images and establish desirable status for dental technicians to continue developing.

키워드

Image; Occupational; Professional ; elf deveolpment

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