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일부 대학생들의 스트레스 증상과 구강악습관 및 턱관절 기능장애의관련성

Relationship between stress, oral parafunctional habits, and temporomandibular joint disorders among college students

대한치과기공학회지 2020년 42권 3호 p.254 ~ 261
김정희, 김창희,
소속 상세정보
김정희 ( Kim Jung-Hee ) - U1 University Department of Dental Hygiene
김창희 ( Kim Chang-Hee ) - Chungcheong University Department of Dental Hygiene

Abstract


Purpose: This study aimed to investigate the effect of stress and oral parafunctional habits on temporomandibular joint disorders (TMD) in college students.

Methods: An online survey comprising 354 questionnaires was conducted from May 23, 2020, to June 21, 2020. The collected data were analyzed using Student’s t-test, one-way analysis of variance, correlation tests, and multiple regression analysis.

Results: The stress symptom score was higher in females than in males. The symptoms of physical stress were significantly higher among students from the Department of Public Health, whereas those of psychological stress were higher among students from the Department of Physical Education. Both TMDs and oral parafunctional habits were higher among females, students of the Departments of Arts and Physical Education, and seniors. The higher the stress symptom level, the higher the scores for TMD and oral parafunctional habits. TMD and oral parafunctional habits were found to be most affected by physical stress.

Conclusion: These findings indicate that a reduction in physical stress is required to decrease the prevalence of oral parafunctional habits and TMDs among college students. This can be achieved by the incorporation of physical activity programs, which may aid in reducing the symptoms of physical stress.

키워드

Oral parafunctional habits; Stress; Temporomandibular joint disorders

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