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국내체류 외국인 및 다문화가족의 구강건강 및 치과의료이용에 대한 주제범위 문헌고찰

Oral Health and Dental Service Utilization of Foreign Residents and Multicultural Families in Korea: a scoping review

대한치과의사협회지 2021년 59권 3호 p.132 ~ 142
이보라, 김대엽, 허지선, 김수연, 최성호, 정회인,
소속 상세정보
이보라 ( Lee Bo-Ra ) - Yonsei University College of Dentistry Department of Dental Education
김대엽 ( Kim Dae-Yeob ) - Yonsei University College of Dentistry
허지선 ( Huh Ji-Sun ) - Yonsei University College of Dentistry Department of Dental Education
김수연 ( Kim Soo-Yoon ) - Yonsei University College of Dentistry Department of Dental Education
최성호 ( Choi Seong-Ho ) - Yonsei University School of Dentistry Department of Periodontology
정회인 ( Jung Hoi-In ) - Yonsei University College of Dentistry Department of Preventive Dentistry & Public Oral Health

Abstract


Background : Research on oral health and dental service utilization of foreign residents and multicultural families in Korea will play an important role as a fundamental data for establishing future oral health policies in the multicultural society.

Objective : In this scoping review, previous studies on oral health and dental service utilization of foreign residents and multicultural families in Korea were reviewed, and the studies were classified according to research participants and research purposes. The variables related to oral health and dental service utilization and socio-demographic factors were also analyzed. Through this systematic review of literature, the limitations of existing research and future research directions were suggested.

Design : Korean databases such as Korean Medical Database (KMbase), DBpia, Research Information Sharing Service (RISS), Korean studies Information Service System (KISS), and National Assembly Library were investigated to collect data regarding oral health and dental service utilization. After retrieving the references, the title and the abstract of the literature were reviewed and their relevance was screened. Full text screening was conducted and a total number of 42 studies were selected, which met the inclusion criteria.

Results : After careful review and analysis of 42 studies, the following results were obtained: (a) the research participants were married migrant women, multicultural children and adolescents, foreign workers, and foreign students (four types), of whom the most frequent was marriage migrant women (45.5%) and (b) the research purposes were oral health behavior, oral health status, dental service utilization, oral health belief, oral health knowledge, and oral health education (six types), of which the most frequent was oral health behavior (39.7%).

Conclusion : This research takes a systematic approach to exploring research participants, purposes, variables related to oral health and dental service utilization, and demographic variables of foreigners and multicultural families residing in Korea. According to the findings, the most published research topic of research participants was 'marriage migrant women' and oral health behavior has the highest number of publications in research purposes.

키워드

foreign residents; multicultural family; oral health; dental service utilization; Korea

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