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Ultrasound-guided transversalis fascia plane block versus transmuscular quadratus lumborum block for post-operative analgesia in inguinal hernia repair

Korean Journal of Pain 2021년 34권 2호 p.201 ~ 209
Fouad Ahmed Zaghloul, Abdel-Aal Iman Riad M., Gadelrab Mohamed Rabie Mohamed Ali, El-Hadi Shoukat Mohammed Hany Mohammed,
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 ( Fouad Ahmed Zaghloul ) - Cairo University Department of Anesthesia, Surgical Intensive Care and Pain Management
 ( Abdel-Aal Iman Riad M. ) - Cairo University Department of Anesthesia, Surgical Intensive Care and Pain Management
 ( Gadelrab Mohamed Rabie Mohamed Ali ) - Agouza Police Hospital Department of Anesthesia
 ( El-Hadi Shoukat Mohammed Hany Mohammed ) - Cairo University Department of Anesthesia, Surgical Intensive Care and Pain Management

Abstract


Background: Inguinal hernia repair is one of the most commonly performed surgical procedures. Regional blocks might provide excellent analgesia and reduce complications in the postoperative period. We aimed to compare the postoperative analgesic effect of the ultrasound-guided transversalis fascia (TF) plane block versus the transmuscular quadratus lumborum (QL) block in patients undergoing unilateral inguinal hernia repair.

Methods: Fifty patients enrolled in this comparative study and were randomly assigned into two equal groups. One group received an ultrasound-guided QL block. In comparison, the other group received an ultrasound-guided TF plane block. The primary outcome was the patient-assessed resting, and movement-induced pain on the numeric pain rating scale (NRS) measured at 30 minutes postoperatively. Secondary outcomes included the percentage of patients receiving rescue analgesia in the first postoperative day, ease of performance of the technique, and incidence of adverse effects.

Results: There were no statistically significant differences in NRS at rest and with movement between the groups over the first 24 hours postoperatively. The proportion of patients that received postoperative rescue analgesics during the first 30 minutes postoperatively was 4% (n = 1) in the QL group compared to 12% (n = 3) in the TF group. However, the mean performance time of the TF block was shorter than that of the QL block, and the performance of the TF block appeared easier technically.

Conclusions: The ultrasound-guided TF plane block could be as effective as the QL block in lowering pain scores and decreasing opioid consumption following non-recurrent inguinal herniorrhaphy.

키워드

Analgesia; Analgesics; Opioid; Fascia; Hernia; Inguinal; Herniorrhaphy; Nerve Block; Pain Management; Pain; Postoperative; Ultrasonography; Interventional

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