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이종동물(異種動物)의 안전방(眼前房)에 이식된 여포난자(濾胞卵子)의 성숙(成熟)에 관한 연구

Studies on the Maturation of the Follicular Oocytes by Xenoplastical Transplantation in the Anterior Chamber of the Eye

한국동물학회지 1970년 13권 3호 p.68 ~ 74
조완규,
소속 상세정보
조완규 ( Cho Wan-Kyoo ) - 서울대학교 동물학과

Abstract

안전방안에서 여포난자가 성숙한다는 것이 몇가지 동물을 이용한 실험에서 밝혀진 바가 있었거니와 여포 난자가 異種의 안전방내에서도 성숙이 가능한 가를 보기 위하여 본 실험을 행하였다. 토끼의 경우 자체의 안전방내에 이식한 여포난자가 다른 동물 즉 흰쥐나 흰생쥐의 안전방에 이식하였을 때보다 낮은 성숙률을 보여 주고 있을 뿐, 흰쥐, 흰생쥐들은 각각 상호간의 안전방에 이식하였을때 同種의 다른 개체의 안정방에서 얻은 결과보다 훨씬 좋은 성숙률을 나타내고 있다. 특히 흰쥐의 여포난자는 숫컷 흰쥐의 안전방에서 24시간 사이에 76%가 제 1및 제 2차 분렬의 증기에 있으며 같은 종류의 수컷 생쥐의 안전방에서 55%가 성숙한 것 보다 훨씬 높은 율을 보여주고 있는 것이다. 안전방의 전방수가 함유단백질의 양이거나 삼투압에 있어서 일반체액이거나 표준배양액의 것들과는 크게 다르며 세포나 조직의 배양액으로는 그다지 적당한 것으로 보이지 않으나 여포난자의 활성획득에는 큰 영향이 없다할 것이다. 특히 異種간의 이식실험에서 얻은 결과가 자체거나 同種간의 이식실험과 거의 같거나 오히려 더 나은 성과를 보여주고 있는데, 는 그 이유에 대해 더 밝혀야 할 문제로 본다. 단지 난자는 성숙분렬을 위한 활성을 갖는데 난자자체의 구성성분 즉 난황물질의 양에 크게 좌우되는 것같으며 또한 난자가 배양될 안전방의 환경요인이 성숙률을 결정하는 데 큰 영향을 주는 것으로 보인다.

In the previous studies, the present author found that high proportion of the follicular oocytes from mouse and rabbit ovaries are able to resume their maturation division in the anterior chamber of the eye in which they have been incubated by auto- or homoplastic transplantation. Especially in the case of the homoplastic transplantation, it was known that no trouble has been detected in the process of resumption of the oval maturation in particular connection with the antigen-antibody reaction between donor and recipient. These findings provide a possibility that the follicular oocytes from various animals would be matured in the eye even after the xenoplastic transplantation. Under such an assumption, the present studies were performed to examine the behavior of the follicular oocytes in the eye chamber of the animals of different species. For the donor of the follicular oocytes, domestic rabbits, albino rats of Sprague-Dowley strain, and albino mice of A-strain bred in our laboratory were used. The oocytes obtained from the ovarian follicules were introduced to the anterior chamber of the eye of different species of animals, with an exception of rabbit in which only the female animals were used as a recipient. The procedures of collection of ova, introduction to the eye, harvest from the eye ball, fixation, and staining were the same as mentioned in the previous reports (Cho, 1967b; Cho and Kim, 1968). The conclusions obtained are summarized as below. 1. The rabbit follicular oocytes are able to mature in the eye chambers of both male mouse and rat, although the proportion of the maturation is lower than when they are incubated autoplastically in the eye. When the ova were incubated in the male mouse eye for 24 hours, 21 per cent of them showed chromosomes at metaphase I and II, whereas the rate was 32 per cent when they were incubated in the eye of the male rat. These are apparently low comparing to the rate of 52 per cent of autoplastic transplantation. 2. When rat follicular oocytes were transferred into the mouse eye chamber and recovered after 24 hours, 43 per cent of them produced the mataphase I and II chromosomes. This proportion was higher than the result of the homoplastic transplantation which yielded 23 per cent of the ova on maturation. 3. The most striking result was found in the experiment with mouse follicular oocytes. Seventy-six per cent of the oocytes resumed their maturation division within 24 hours after they were transferred into the male rat eye chamber, and this figure was significantly high compared to the result o 55 per cent obtained by the homoplastic transplantation. In the rat eye, the induction of the degenerative ova also was low (19%). On the other hand, the proportion of the oval maturation decreased to 45 per cent, while that of degeneration increased 33 per cent when they were incubated in the eye of the female rabbit. 4. It was apparent from the present experiments that the follicular oocytes can reveal their activation to maturation in the eye chamber which contains aqueous humor which is known to be composed of low protein content and of very little gamma-globulin which acts as an antibody(Oser, 1965), and that it shows higher osmolarity than blood serum(Levene, 1958). Taking these properities into consideration the humor may provide unfavourable environment to the cells and tissues incubated in. However, it could be noteworthy finding that only the follicular oocytes in the eye of the different species can grow in healthy condition although the maturation rates are varied with the animal species. The fact that the rabbit follicular oocytes show the lower proportion in maturation may be due to the greater amount of the yolk granules in the egg cytoplasm than those in the mouse and rat oocytes. That the mouse oocytes incubated in the eye of the rat mouse and rat oocytes. That the mouse oocytes incubated in the eye of the rat resumed their maturation process in

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