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X-ray Induced Unscheduled DNA Synthesis in Relation to Chromosome Exchange and Mitotic Activity in Established Mammalian Cells

한국동물학회지 1972년 15권 3호 p.95 ~ 100
박상대,
소속 상세정보
박상대 ( Park Sang-Dai ) - 서울대학교 동물학과

Abstract

回復複製(unscheduled DNA synthesis or repair replication)와 染色體交換 및 分裂活動과의 相關關係를 추구하기 위해 X-線을 處理한 4種의 哺乳動物 細胞를 材料로 回復複製 時期와 線量反應을 調査하였다. 回復複製는 調査한 4種의 細胞에서 모두 일어나고 그 率은 照射線量에 比例하며 細胞 種類에 따라 差가 난다. 그러나 回復複製가 일어나는 時期는 細胞 種類에 관계없이 X-線 照射후 2時間까지 지속되고 있다. 또 回復複製의 相對量은 細胞의 種族染色體數, 分裂活動 및 染色體交換率과 직접적인 관련이 없다. 分裂活動能力과 染色體交換은 다 線量에 比例하나 그 率은 逆比例 관계를 나타낸다.

Dose response and time dependence of unscheduled DNA synthesis induced by X-rays were measured to determine if any correlation exists between unscheduled DNA synthesis, modal chromosome number, chromosome exchange and mitotic activity in four mammalian cell strains. Unscheduled DNA synthesis occurred in all strains studied. The rate was dose-dependent and strain-specific. Only HeLa $S_3$ showed a staturated dose response after 4, 000 R, other cells were linearly proportional to dose increases. Time dependence of unscheduled DNA synthesis was completed within 2 hours after irradiation regardless of cell strains. Unscheduled DNA synthesis was not directly related to modal chromosome number, total exchange rate and mitotic activity. Mitotic activity and chromosome exchange were both dose-dependent, but the rates of them were inversely related.

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