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Structural Correlates of Hormone Production by the Corpora Allata in the Pine Moth, Dendrolimus spectablis Butler, during Larval-Pupal-Adult Transformations

ѱȸ 1973 16 1ȣ p.25 ~ 41
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âȯ ( Kim Chang-Whan ) - б а

Abstract

˶Ÿ ȣ ߧ ϰܨ Ͽ ܨ Ѣ ˶Ÿ ڰϰ ܨ ڰ ϼߴ. ܵ帮ƴ Ͽ ȭ 20 ̴ ̶Ѣ ȭ δ. ˶Ÿ θ Ѣ Ư ӿ Ψأ η Ӯ Ͽ Ǹ 󸶴 ӱ Ѵ. ˷ డ Ÿµ ׵ Ͽ Ŀ ̵ ȭ . ׷ ȭ Ү ٽ ŸǷ ҵȴٰ ȴ. ˶Ÿ ִ ӿ Ψأ 20 5Ǵ Ÿٴ ˶Ÿ Ѣ ˷ְ Ѣ Ѣ ׷ Ψأ Ÿ Ƿ ʹ ƹ μ ګѴ. 3 Ǵ Ψأ α ū ӿ Ÿ ⦿ ũⰡ ʥϹǷ 5 Ѵ. ̰ Ƹ Ѧ ȴ. ˶Ÿ ȣ ߧ Ѧϰ Ҵƿ  ΰ ȣ н ȣ, ״ н ޾Ƽ нȣ Ѵٰ 8 κ̵Ǵ Ƹ ecdysone ӱ 谡 ̰ ʴ Ѣ нѰ ȴ.

Ultrastructural changes in the cells of the corpora allata of the pine moth, Dendrolimus spectabilis Butler, were studied by electron microscope to know the structural correlates of hormone production by the gland during the larval-pupal-adult transformations. Mitochondria are in active phases from the overwintered to the last instar larvae and from the pupae just after pupation to the 20-day old pupae, while they are in inactive phases from the making cocoon stage to the prepupae just before pupation. The peripheral allatum cells have electron dense granules in the intracellular vacuoles of smooth-surfaced endoplasmic reticulum in the larval life, particularly in the overwintered larvae and in the early adults but the swollen smooth-surfaced intracytoplasmic vacuoles made by expansion of an end of the tubular rough endoplasmic reticulum, some of which contain fibrous proteins, are observed in addition to the vacuoles in the intercellular spaces in which the vacuoles grow by fusing each other from the mature larvae to the prepupae, both of them disappearing during just before pupation. After pupation the cytolasmic vacuoles develop again in the allatum cells so that they seem to begin the secretory activity. The fact that the neurosecretory granules stored within the axons terminated in the corpus allatum are visible only from the 20-day old pupa about two days before abult emergence to the 5-day old adult means that the secretion from the allatum cells is under the control of the brain from the late pupal stage, while the secretion during from the larval to the early pupal life has no relation with the brain, because such granules are not observed within the axons. It is, therefore, suggested that at least two kinds of hormone are released with the ages as far as concerned with the production and secretion mechanisms of the allatum hormone: juvenile hormone is released until the last instar larvae without any direct stimlation of the brain and gonadotropic hormone is secreted from the late pupa to the adult by getting brains stimulation and that the secretory phases observed from the mature larvae to prepupae are presumably concerned with the biosynthesis of protein owing to the ecdysone and those from the early pupal stage in uncontrolled condition of the brain with the prothoracotropic activity.

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