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한국산 노랑초파리 (Drosophila melanogaster) Alcohol dehydrogenase의 전기영동산 및 활성에 대한 연구

A Study on electrophoresis and Activity of Alcohol Dehydrogenase of Drosophila melanogaster

한국동물학회지 1980년 23권 3호 p.125 ~ 136
정용재, 윤연식,
소속 상세정보
정용재 ( Chung Yong-Jai ) - Ewha Womans University Department of Science Education
윤연식 ( Yoon Youn-Sik ) - Ewha Womans University Department of Science Education

Abstract

노랑초파리 (Drosophila melanogaster) Oregon-R strain과 Kwangju strain에서 발생단계에 EK라 합성되는 효소의 양상은 다음과 같다. 1. Oregon-R strain 및 Kwangju strain의 발생 4단계에 따른 ADH isozyme pattern은 알에서 ADH 2, ADH 3, ADH 4가 나타났고, 유충 번데기 및 성충에서는 ADH 1, ADH 2, ADH 3, ADH 4, ADH 5가 모두 나타났다. 2. ADH isozyme의 단백질을 분석하여 보면 양극 방향으로 이동한 ADH 3, ADH 4, ADH 5가 대부분을 차지하고 음극 방향으로 이동한 ADH 1, ADH 2는 적은 비율로 나타났다. 한편 유충 번데기 및 성충에서 ADH 3은 Oregon-R strain과 Kwangju strain에서 가장 큰 비율로 나타나지만, ADH 4에 대해서는 Kwangju Strain이 Oregon-R strain 보다 훨씬 낮은 비율로 나타나는 것이 특이하였다. 3. 활성은 앞에서 가장 낮고 유충에서 높아지고 번데기에서 낮아서 성충에서 제일 높게 나타났다. Strain 별에서도 모든 발생단계에서 Kwangju strain이 Oregon-R strain보다 높게 나타났다. 이것을 활경요소에 의하여 변화될수 있는 것으로 추정된다.

The purpose of the present study is to investigate the electrophoretic patterns of ADH isozymes and activity at various developmental stages of Oregon-R and Kwangju strains of D. melanogaster. The ADH isozymes were seperated by agarose gel plate eletrophoresis and they were stained for ADH activity study. The optical density was measured by using densitometer and the total activity was determined by measuring the enzyme solution's absorbance of 340 nm by spectrophotometer. The results are as follows: 1. At egg stages of Oregon-R and Kwangju strains ADH 2, ADH 3, ADH 4 were observed in te zymograms, but all of ADH 1, ADH 2, ADH 3, ADH 4 and ADH 5 were detected in larval, pupal and imaginal stages. 2. The amount of ADH 1+ADH 2 (anion) was 20-40% and that of ADH 3+ADH 4+ADH 5 (cation) was 60-805. In the developmental stages other, than egg stages, ADH 3 of both strains showed the largest amount among all ADH isozymes, and especially ADH 4 of Kwangju strain showed less amount than that of Oregon-R strain. 3. The total activity of the ADH at the egg stage was found to be the lowest, at larval stage became to be higher and to be lower at pupal stage and then became to be the highest at the imaginal stage. It is noticeable that the activity of the ADH in Kwangju strain was higher than that in Oregon-R strain.

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