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양서류 초기 embryo 할구의 체축 형성 능력에 관한 연구

Studies on the Axis Formation Capacity in the Blastomeres of Early Amphibian Embryo

한국동물학회지 1987년 30권 3호 p.248 ~ 260
정해문, 김윤경,
소속 상세정보
정해문 ( Chung Hae-Moon ) - 서울대학교 사범대학 생물교육과
김윤경 ( Kim Yoon-Kyung ) - 서울대학교 사범대학 생물교육과

Abstract


In order to investigate the importance of the prospective mesodermal and endodermal blastomeres at 32-cell stage in the anis formation, blastomeres were deleted or transplanted into the ventrovegital site of another normal embryo. The results are as follows: When the dorsomesodermal or dorsoendodermal blastomeres were deleted, there was a substantial developmental lesion in the axis structure. However, when the ventromesodermal or ventroendodermal blastomeres were deleted, the formation of an axis structure was nearly normal. The dorsomesodermal or dorsoendodermal blastomeres which were transplanted into the ventral side of the normal 32-cell embryo caused the formation of a secondary body axis, and the capacity of the second axis induction in the dorsomesodermal blastomeres was a little higher than that in the dorsoendodermal blastomeres. These results imply that both the dorsomesodermal and dorsoendodermal blastomeres are involved in the formation of a set of dorsal body structures during early embryogenesis. As well, in order to investigate the axis inducing capacity in the early cleavage embryos, the dorsovegital blastomeres were transplanted into the ventrovegital site at 4-cell, 8-cell and 16-ceIL stage respectively. As a ruts·fIt, a second body axis was formed. Therefore, it seems that the early cleavage embryo as 4-cell stage dorsal blastomeres contain some informations necessary for the axis formation.

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