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대추나무 미친병에 관한 연구 3

Witches Broom of Jujube Tree, Zizyphus jujube Mill. Var. inermis Rehd (III); Transmission by Graftings

미생물학회지 1965년 3권 1호 p.1 ~ 6
김종진,
소속 상세정보
김종진 (  ) - 춘천농과대학

Abstract


Over a period of 1962-64, a transmission-experiment of witchess’ broom of jujube tree by stem-grafting was conducted. When stem-grafting of sound scions upon diseased roots or diseased scions upon sound roots were carried out, disease transmission of high rate was witnessed; 99% in the former and, in the latter, 62% of the stocks which saw union by callussing and had new shoots. Even when the diseased scions by stem-grafting or the diseased buds by budding upon sound stock died away, the transmission rate was 21% in stem-grafting and 14% in budding which seems to show that, when tissues of diseased plants and stocks are kept contacted over a certain period, the disease transmission occurs. And when the recovered scions taken from once diseased tree were grafted upon diseased roots, the transmission rate was 100 % and therefore it is presumed that the immunity could not be acquired even under the assumption of complete recovery from the disease. In stem-grafting of the diseased scions upon sound roots, 98% of the scions which were stored in the cellar, overwintered and grafted in spring was diseased, whereas the disease rate of the scions which were cut and grafted in spring was only 33%. It was particularly noteworthy that 90% of the scions in the former case and only 3% in the latter case were diseased as of June 18th approximately 2 months after the actual grafting and then the latter advanced to 33% with the passage of time. It appears that the pathogen in branches and shoots of the diseased trees standing outdoors become inactivated or diminished during winter. Through its symptom, pathological change in tissue, and easy transmission of the disease via stem-grafting, it seems certain that the pathogen of the witches broom disease in jujube tree is a virus.

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