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장류용 강력국균에 관한 연구 3

Studies on Koji for Soy Sauce Brewing (III); On the Producibilities of Protease, Amylase and Vitamins by UV-Induced Mutants of Aspergillus oryzae

미생물학회지 1965년 3권 2호 p.9 ~ 14
이계호, 장건형,
소속 상세정보
이계호 (  ) - 육군기술연구소
장건형 (  ) - 육군기술연구소

Abstract


The enzyme-producing potentials of industrially important strains of Aspergillus spp. were studied. Irradiation of three original isolates of Aspergillus oryzae to ultra-violet rays resulted in the production of mutants which differed from the parent riboflavin and vitamin B_12 in culture media. 1. Irradition three strains of Aspergillus oryzae to ultraviolet light produced mutants and two strains of them were selected for soy sauce brewing. 2. The two strains are the physiological mutants of Aspergillus oryzae. Both were found to have superior enzyme activity to their relatives. 3. Aspergillus oryzae UV-induced mutant 172-722 and 569-713 were more powerful than others in the production of riboflavin and vitamin B_12. The enzyme activity of these strain were high and decreased only slightly even in 20 percent solution of NaCl. 4. Aspergillus oryzae UV-induced mutant 172-722 had more powerful protease producibility in wheat bran media than in modified Czapek’s solution. On the contrary, Aspergillus oryzae UV-induced mutant 569-713 had more powerful producibility of saccharogenic and dextrinogenic amylase in modified Czapek’s solution than in mold bran. 5. Aspergillus oryzae UV-induced mutant 172-722 formed the spore rapidly and Aspergillus oryzae UV-induced mutant 569-713 did ordinarily. 6. It is found from the results that Aspergillus oryzae UV-induced mutant 172-722 is valuable material for the manufacture of soy sauce because of its high protease activity in 20 percent solution of NaCl. Aspergillus oryzae UV-induced mutant 569-713 is suitable for soy bean mash and for fermented red pepper sauce for its high saccharogenic and dextrinogenic amylase activity in 20 percent solution of sodium chloride.

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