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생활화학물질의 건강영향평가 방안 제언 - 역학조사 체계를 중심으로

How to Assess the Health Effects of Household Chemicals : An Epidemic Investigation System

보건학논집 - 서울대학교 2017년 54권 2호 p.13 ~ 20
성주헌,
소속 상세정보
성주헌 ( Sung Joo-Hon ) - 서울대학교 보건대학원 보건학과

Abstract


Our daily lives get more and more dependent on numerous household chemicals, which provide humans with cleanness, better hygiene, and easiness. Most chemical compounds are introduced to market after qualifying the toxic safety standard based on toxicological tests. Human xenobiotic metabolisms have never been adapted to this deluge of new chemical compounds so that it is inevitable some proportion of individuals are highly susceptible to them. Growing body of evidence indicates that the conventional system for chemical safety would not prevent incidents or evaluate health effects as epitomized by the humidifier disinfectant disasters or egg insecticide scandals. Here an effective and efficient system is proposed for evaluating health effects from household chemicals, utilizing existing data or survey systems in Korea. Some regular national statistics such as Health and Nutrition Examination Survey, and large genome cohorts such as Korean Genome Epidemiology Study are particularly useful to quickly and accurately assess the health effects from and susceptible population to chemical compounds of interest. Collaborative and interdisciplinary approaches are a must to transform the current chemical system toward an evidence-based system.

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