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CMI에 의한 대학생의 정신건강에 관한 연구

The Screening of Mentally Unhealthy Students of College on a Mass Scale Using CMI

부산의대잡지 1968년 8권 2호 p.139 ~ 145
오석환, 朴助烈, 張貞富, 柳志珍, 李濟民, 朴希洲, 黃善戊,
소속 상세정보
오석환 (  ) - 부산대학교 의과대학 신경정신과학교실
朴助烈 (  ) - 부산대학교 의과대학 신경정신과학교실
張貞富 (  ) - 부산대학교 의과대학 신경정신과학교실
柳志珍 (  ) - 부산대학교 의과대학 신경정신과학교실
李濟民 (  ) - 부산대학교 의과대학 신경정신과학교실
朴希洲 (  ) - 부산대학교 의과대학 신경정신과학교실
黃善戊 (  ) - 부산대학교 의과대학 신경정신과학교실

Abstract


As a preliminary approach to screening of mental disturbances or a mass scale that aims to be applied to school population, the authors applied Cornell Medical Index (CMI) to 277 college students consisted of 174 males and 103 females that were randomly selected from colleges located in Pusan City and obtained statistical data from results of CMI scores of total subjects. On the basis of distribution of total affirmative responses of the total subjects the stratified samples of 42 subjects were chosen for further study which was consisted of psychiatric evaluation through individual interview and subsequent statistical analysis of data obtained in an attempt to study the validity of this instrument in detecting mental disturbances in this selected college population.
The authors, then, discussed on the results of this study comparing with the previous report which was obtained from high school students.
The conclusions are as follows:
I. The mean number of CMI scores for the total subjects was 27.74. No significant difference was observed between the mean number of responses for male college students and that for female college students.
2. There was not any significant difference either between the mean ChMI score for the high school student group and that for the college student group.
3. In the. chosen sample of 42 subjects who were given psychiatric evaluation the mean CMI score of the normal group was 33. 31 and the abnormal 54. 32.
Thus statistically significant differences in responses to CMI could be observed between the normal and abnormal groups.
This seems to confirm other reports that CMI has been found useful in detecting mental disturbances on a mass scale and may suggest the validity of CMI to segregate mentally disturbed persons on a mass scale from such isolated population as the college.
4. It was observed that the individual responses to items of C. I. J and M-R of the abnormal group revealed a tendency to increase in ccmparison with those of the normal group in the 42 psychiatrically evaluated subjects.
This may, above all, lead us to suggest that in many cases of mental disturbance
Psychiatric problems tend to be so treated that they are channeled out through somatic Complaints, especially through those of autonomic visceral innervation.
The above findings are quite similar to the results obtained from our previous study for the high school students.

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