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중환자실의 소음감소를 위한 중재의 개발 및 적용효과

Development and Application of an Intervention for Noise Reduction in Intensive Care Units

성인간호학회지 2020년 32권 6호 p.584 ~ 598
윤선희, 곽나영, 유양숙,
소속 상세정보
윤선희 ( Yun Sun-Hee ) - Catholic University Seoul St. Mary’s Hospital Cardiocerebrovascular Hospital Operations Team
곽나영 ( Kwak Na-Young ) - Catholic University Seoul St. Mary’s Hospital Neurocritical Care Unit
유양숙 ( Yoo Yang-Sook ) - Catholic University College of Nursing

Abstract


Purpose: This study aimed to develop an intervention to reduce noise in the Intensive Care Unit (ICU) and evaluatethe effects of applying it.

Methods: The research design was a non-equivalent control group quasi-experimentalstudy. To develop noise reduction interventions in ICUs, preliminary intervention techniques to reduce noise werederived through a literature review, field survey, and focus group interviews. The intervention was developed byverifying the validity of the content and the clinical applicability, and the result was applied to practice. To assessthe effect of the intervention, the following were evaluated: noise level in the ICU, perceived noise level, responseto noise, satisfaction of patients and staff with noise management, sleep quality of patients, noise-relatedknowledge, and perception and performance of noise management of the staff.
Results: With the interventiondeveloped in this study, the noise level in the ICU, perceived noise level, and response to noise of patients andstaff decreased, and satisfaction with noise management increased. The sleep quality of patients, noise-relatedknowledge, and perception and performance of noise management of the staff increased.

Conclusion: Thisintervention is shown to be effective in reducing the noise level in the ICU. Therefore, if it is used actively in practice,it is expected to create a comfortable environment by reducing the noise level in the ICU.

키워드

중환자실; 소음감소; 중재
Intensive care units; Noise reduction; Intervention

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