잠시만 기다려 주세요. 로딩중입니다.

On Tuberculous Meningitis in Korean Children

소아과 1964년 5권 1호 p.34 ~ 38
소속 상세정보
Erling Skoglund

Abstract


This is a study of tuberculous meningitis in children in the Pediatric Department of National Medical Center. From Nov. 58 to Sep. 61 there were 83 cases with the diagnosis tuberculous meningitis. However, 29 cases were excluded from the material, because they did not fill the diagnostic criteria. In the remaining 54 cases there were 31 boys and 23 girls up to 12 years of age. More than 50% were below 4 years of age, which fits with what is generally reported. Only 12 cases(=22%) showed positive finding of AFB in spinal fluid, probably due to that most cases had got some treatment before coming to NMC. The most striking finding is the length of the previous history. A previous history of meningoencephalitis symptoms for less than 2 weeks was found in only 10 cases(=18,5%). In 70% the history was 1 month and more, in 60% it was 2 months or more, in 26% it was 6 months or more. 12 cases(=22%) had no previous anti-tuberculous treatment, 17 cases(=31%) had irregular and interrupted treatment and 12 cases (=22%)had continuous previous treatment, but the dosage was unknown. Treatment of unknown kind had been given in 13 cases(=24%). After coming to NMC we have given usually streptomycin 40 mg/kg body weight, isoniazide 10-20 mg/kg and para-aminosalicylic acid 200-300 mg kg. SM has usually been discontinued after 4-6 weeks, but INH and PAS has continued for long time. The results are rather disapointing. Only 15 cases(=28%) have returned to normal condition without any sequelae. 27 cases(=5 0%) have neurologic sequelae, mostly hemiparesis, and 6 cases(=11%) died. 3 cases had psychic sequelae and 3 cases are unknown.
If these results are correlated to the length of the previous history we find what we expect: the longer the previous history is, the worse are the results. The cases with a previous history shorter than 2 weeks have returned to normal in 60%, the cases with a previous history 2 week-2 months have return-
ed to normal in only 25%. If the results are correlated to the previous treatments, we find the best results in those patients who got no previous treatment, but the difference is rather small. Anyhow the previous treatment seems to have been of no value for the results, probably due to that it has been given irregularly or in too small doses. The most encouraging observation from our treatment is that even after very long time of treatment some further improvement seems to be possible, even if
that is exceptional.
This material is perhaps not representative for more than NMC, but it shows clearly, that too many patients with tuberculous meningitis get insufficient treatment. The importance of early, combined treat-men- with sufficient doses for very long time is stressed. It is of no value to start treatment if the patient cannot be guarantied continuous treatment for long time.

키워드

원문 및 링크아웃 정보

등재저널 정보

KoreaMed
KAMS