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小兒急性中毒의 統計的觀察

Statistical Studies on Acute Poisonings of Infants and Children

소아과 1969년 10권 11호 p.1 ~ 5
소속 상세정보
李琦寧/Lee, Ki Young

Abstract


172 cases of acute poisoning who had been admitted in the Pediatric wards of Severance Hospital and Won}u Union Christian Hospital were statistically analyzed and compared with two hospitals for the difference between urban and rural areas.
1. Boys were more often intoxicated than girls and the highest incidence was observed in the 2 to 4 year age group.
2. Seasonal incidence showed no great difference but intoxication seemed to be more prevalent between May and July.
3. 34 kinds of various intoxicating substances were observed to be causative. Of these, insecticides (made for agricultural use, chiefly parathion) were the most common, CO gas, lye and sedatives were the next most common causes.
4. Insecticide poisonings chiefly occured after spraying the substance in the living room for the eradication of mosquecoes, flies and ´ices. Such intoxications were most common in the group under one year of age.
5. COgas poisoning was the most frequent in the urban area and insecticides in the rural area.
6. Poisonings of accidental causes were usually more frequent than therapeutic purposes but, under 1 year age group, Vice Versa.
7. The mortality rate was 11%. Of these, CO gas poisoning was most common, insecticides and rodenticides were the next.

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