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유유아 및 성장기 아동을 위한 영양식품 개발에 관한 연구

Development of Protein-rich Food Mixtures for Infants and Children in Korea

소아과 1970년 13권 9호 p.9 ~ 16
김용거, 안성근, 최조자, 이규은, 이현금,
소속 상세정보
김용거 (  ) - 우석대학교 의과대학 소아과학교실
안성근 (  ) - 우석대학교 의과대학 소아과학교실
최조자 (  ) - 우석대학교 의과대학 소아과학교실
이규은 (  ) - 우석대학교 의과대학 소아과학교실
이현금 (  ) - 우석대학교 의과대학 소아과학교실

Abstract


Nutritive foods for infants and children are not available commercially in large scale, except a limited amount of expensive milk products in Korea. Although the majority of infants are breast-fed, when it is not possible, rice products must usually be substituted which is not sufficient in protein in terms of its contents and amino acid composition.
Thus, it is very urgent to develop low-cost quality protein food mixtures in order to fill the protein gap existing among the growing generation. The present study is one of the program of a pioneering attempt on a new food mixture to meet this demand.
Several food mixures containing rice, soybean, FPC, vitamins, minerals and other food additives are developed by Cheigh and Kwon (3) The precooked powdered products are slightly yellow in color with a bland taste and permissible bacterial counts. The products are mixable readily with any proportion of water to preduce mixtures from milk-like formula for infants to gruel for children.
Initially three formulas were prepated, these miztures contain 22~25% of protein, 9~14% of fats, approximately 50% of carbohydrates and required amounts of vitamins and minerals.
Thus, F-F-3 and F-P-4 were chosen for the infants feeding trials along with an imported dried full creamed milk as a control. Thirty-two days trials from Nov. 21, to Dec. 22 1969 were performed with eighteen female infants under age of one in an orphanage located in Seoul. Although maximum efforts were made to maintain room temperature of 20~23℃ and relative humidity of 65~70℃ and 50~60% respectively.
The formulas were diluted 14% level into sterilized water at 50℃ and fed through nipples. After 3 days adjusting period, the only formula was given to each group throughout the term of experiment. We made anthropometric measurements and clinical observations studying the infant´s response to the formula at proper intervals.
All the infants welcomed the formula and completed diluted formula 5 times a day which is equivalent to 140~168 g of F-F-3 or F-P-4. No vomiting, loose bowel, allergic responce were observed. Frequency of bowel movement was one or twice a day, and appearence of feces was much closer to that of usually expected from breast fed infants than those of milk group. Their general appearence was bright and the body weight increased reasonably in the expected normal range by the termination of the trial. Gathering the above mentioned preliminary data, we came to conclusion that F-F-3 and F-P-4 are comparable with full fat milk in its nutritive value and feeding performance.

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KoreaMed
KAMS