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소아 급성중독의 임상적 고찰 Clinical Stodies of Acute Poisoning in Children

소아과 1979년 20권 1호 p.28 ~ 35
정수영, 이순종, 김한구, 백무현,
소속 상세정보
정수영 (  ) 
중앙대학교 의과대학 소아과학교실

이순종 (  ) 
중앙대학교 의과대학 소아과학교실
김한구 (  ) 
중앙대학교 의과대학 소아과학교실
백무현 (  ) 
중앙대학교 의과대학 소아과학교실

Abstract


This is the clinical studies of 171 cases of acute poisoning in pediatric age which were visited at the emergency room of Han-gang Sacred Heart Hospital during the past 2 years and 5 months (Apr., 1974Aug., 1976).
The results were summerized as followings;
1. The incidence of acute poisoning among the emergency pediatric patients were 2.3% (1711 7, 310).
2. The sex ratio of male to female was 1.5 : 1.
3. The peak age group was 2 to 5 years of age (41.5%).
4. The peak incidence in a year was shown in August (17.5%) with prominance in summer season (47.3%).
5. The accidental poisoning was. occured the most frequently from 4 : 00 P.M to 8 : 00 P.M. during the day.
6. The motive of poisoning was mainly accidental causes (85.9%).
7. The most frequent causative substances were insecticides (29.8%) and then rodenticides (14%), D.D.S. (8.8%), reserpine (4.1%) were the next causes.
8. RH-787 poisoning were occured in 4 cases with the complication of diabetes mellitus in 2 cases.
9. In poisonous plants, there were azalea (Rhododendron) poisoning (4 cases) and Ginkgo biloba Linne fruit poisoning (1 case).

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