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土壤 및 裁培植物에 미치는 煉炭灰의 影響

The Influences of Briquette Ashes on the Chemical Properties of Soils and the Growth of Selected Vegetable Plants.

한국식물학회지 1964년 7권 1호 p.5 ~ 10
차종환,
소속 상세정보
차종환 (  ) - 동국대학교 대학원

Abstract

本 實驗에서 煉炭灰를 土壤에 施用한 後 네 作物(무우. 배추, 상추, 시금치)의 生育 및 그 土壤成分에 미치는 影響율 土壤 栽培를 通하여 調査했다.
煉炭灰 1/50濃度에서 배추와 상추의 生長은 最高度에 달했다. 무우와 시금치는 濃度에 따른 反應이 다르게 나타났다. 生量의 變化는 濃度가 짙으면 增加되나 너무 짙으면 감소되는 경향을 나타냈다. 土壤의 化學成分을栽培前에 比하여 栽培後가 減少되었다. 반면 有效室素는 오히려 增加되었다. 煉炭灰의 濃度가 짙으면 空素 系統은 減少되었으나 有效燐은 增加되었으며 韓^(8)의 結果와 같이 含量이 높지 못했다.
全置換藍基와 pH 値는 濃度가 增加함을 따라 높아지는 現象을 觀察할 수 있다. pH 値는 有意性은 없으나 石灰區는 煉炭灰區보다 높은 結果를 보이고 있다.
水分含量은 濃席間, 處理間, 植物間 栽培前後間等의 比較에서 모두 有意性이 없었다. 有機物 含量은 植物間의 平均値에서 5% 有意性을 나타냈고 그外의 比較에서는 有意性이 없었다.

Cha, Jong Whan (Dept. of Biology, Graduate School, dong Univ.) The influences of briquette ashes on the chemical properties of soils and the growth of sepected vegetable plants. Kor. Jour. Bot. Ⅶ(1):5-10, 1964.
The effects of briquette ashes on the growth of vegetable(cabbge, lettue, spinach and radish) and their fresh weight under the culture of the soil mixed with the briquette ashes, and on the chemical properties of the soil were investigated.
The growth rate of these plants and chemical properties of the soil has shown some influence due to different concentration of briquette ashes added to the soil. The increase of growth in cabbage and lettuce was remarkably found by the plot treated with 1/50 concentration of briquette ashes. The fresh weight of vegetable plants was increased with high concentration of briquette ashes, but if the concentration of briquette ashes was too high, it was rather depressed. Chemical properties in the soil after cultivation of the plants were more depressed than before cultivation. In contrast the available nitrogen content in the soil after cultivation was more increased than before cultivation of the plants.
The reduction of available nitrogen and nitrogen was associated with the increasing intensity of briquette ashes, but available phosphorus content was increased with high concentration of briquette ashes, though its content was not so high as the results obtained by Han (8). The values of total exchangeable base and pH in the soils treated with briquette ashes were increased with a high degree of the concentration of ashes. The value of pH was not significant, and pH value of lime plots was higher than that of briquette ashes. The average value of the water content did not show any difference, and the difference of the content of organic matter in the soil in which different vegetables grew into the plots reached to the significance of a 5% level.

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