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Ecological studies on plant communities of Quelpart Island

ѱĹȸ 1970 13 1ȣ p.13 ~ 24
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ȯ (  ) - б

Abstract

۴ ֵ ڪ ȯ 1969⿡ ڸ ۿ ϰ յ ڪ, ڪ κ ̴.
1. ƹ롤Ǯʡ縮Ǯ ۾ ̴.
2. 25 Quadrats A ϡ 29, Bϡ 30, C ϡ 26 ̸ۡǿ.
3. գϡ(D plot) ̰ܵ ̹ۿ 18 ̸ۡǾ.
4. ϴ 彺 ̿ Ÿ ִ.
5. P_2O_5, K, ̺ ̰ ְ 밳 .
6. N ٸ 򢺸 P_2O_5, K վ ణ ̴.
7. ڪ 71 ( 9 , 62 ) 27 ڱ ߰ǿ.
8. Ѧ Ѧ յ 򢰡 Ư ̰ ̴.
9. ̰ 𷡶 ī .
10. ڰڪ⦿ ־ ж⦰ Ұ ۯж, ж׾ .
12. ڪ Ͽ ڪ ڪ ⦰ ᴵǿ.
12. ڪ ⦵ ˾Ҵ.

This investigation was one of the series of ecological studies on the plant communities of Quelpart Island which was held in 1969.
It was aimed at studying the ground vegetation of Torreya nucifera and the soil properties of the ground in which it grows.
Observation of the flora in a place where wild growth of Crinum maritimum, soil properties and distribution of micro-organisms in a place where wild growth occurs, were also made.
1) A few kinds which have important values among the ground vegetation of Torreya nucifera forest are Liniope graminifolia, Convallaria keiskei, Sasa quelpaertensis, Carex kingiana, Pteridium aquilinum, Pyrola japonica, Hedera tobleri, etc.
2) While the studies of 25 Quadrats were being held, 29 species in A plot, 30 species in B plot, and 26 species in C plot have been found.
3) The kind which has the highest important valus among the species located in naked plot (outside of Torreya nucifera forest) is Zoysia japonica and 18 other kinds were found.
4) The soil fertility through all depths are found higher in the forest soil than in that of open places.
5) P_2O_5, K, and total exchangeable bases etc. have shown the difference of contents according to the depth and generally had lower value as much as it goes down.
6) The content of N was a lot higher than any other forest soil and P_2O_5, K and total exchangeable bases seemed to be a little lower.
7) The overall flora of Todo consists of 71 specics (9 species of wood plant and 62 species of herbs) added 27 kinds of non-reported species.
8) The mineral contents are the highest at a place of wind growth of Crinum maritimum which has much organic matter. The subsoil of this place is more fertile than surface soil.
9) The soil of Todo which is sandy soil, consists of shellfish shell and quartz, and has low fertility and alkali.
10) In the total occurrences of micro-organisms, bacteria was the greatest in number followed by actinomycete and fungi, in that order.
11) A survey of the soil depth and the ecological distributional pattern of microorganisms revealed that the number of micro-organisms is the greatest on the surface, gradually decreasing in proportion to the depth.
12) It was found that a comparatively greater number of micro-organisms occurred when the soil showed an adequate increase in water content.

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