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간척지에서 수도 및 기타작물의 내염성에 관한 연구

Study on the Salt Tolerance of Rice and Other Crops in Reclaimed Soil Areas

한국식물학회지 1970년 13권 4호 p.23 ~ 31
任慶彬, 黃種瑞,
소속 상세정보
任慶彬 (  ) - 서울대학교 농과대학
黃種瑞 (  ) - 서울대학교 농과대학

Abstract


The rice variety, Kwanok, was reared in the water and land beds and transplanted to the reclaimed soil area, having an average salt concentration of 0.39%. Two levels of the moderate and late season cultures with 4 treatments were used.
The K and Si contents of the stem part of land bed seedlings were somewhat smaller, but total carbohydrate remarkably larger, the C/N ratio was accordingly greater than water bed seedligs. The rooting ability of land bed seedlings was vigorous markedly in culture solutions, to which added various concentrations of NaCl, The rooting ability of each seedling was not much declined in the culturing solution of up to 9.4mmhos/㎝, (0.6%) of salt concentration, but it was drastically declined in the salt concentration over that. It seemed that the critical salt concentration for the rooting of rice plant. The land bed seedlings in each salty condition markedly decreased compared with the water bed seedling in transpiration rate and it showed a stronger drought resistance and contained a large amount of chlorophyll at transplanting stage, and also showed higher stability of chlorophyll at rooting stage in the salt treatment. The number of panicles, panicle weight, number of grains per panicle and ratio of matured grains of the rice plant grown by the land bed seedlings were much greater and 1,000 grain weight was less than from water bed seedling. The cultural practices with the land bed seedlings increased the rough rice yields by 15% and 11%, respectively, compared with the yields of the moderate and late season cultures by water bed seedlings.

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