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大豆稚葉의 分化에 미치는 窒素 燐酸 加里의 影響 The Effect of Nitrogen, Phosphorus and Potassium on the Differentiation of Soybean young Leaf

Journal of Plant Biology 1971년 14권 2호 p.15 ~ 21
이순희,
소속 상세정보
이순희 (  ) 
연세대학교 생물학과

Abstract


The present paper was designed to investigate the effect of nitrogen, phosphorus and potassium on the the histological differentiation of the young leaves of soybean (Glycine max, M.). Observations were made on the numbers of lamina cells and lateral veins, width and thickenness of the lamina and vascularization of the midrib in the 5th leaf, and the differentiation of leaves at 42μ from the apical tips of the shoot apecis. Samples were taken at the time when the 2nd leaf was completed. The experimental plots were divided into twelve parts. And the results obtained are as follows.
1) Nitrogen stimulated the differentiation of the leaf, the vascuralization of the midrib and increased the numbers of lamina cells and lateral veins.
2) Phosphorus promoted the differentiation of lamina at the first stage of soybean growth. It was more effective in the plots of excessive application than otherwise. It had a small effect on the differentiation of lateral veins.
3) Among the elements, a deficiency of potassium resulted in a reduced differentiation of the lamina potassium had no effect on the thickening growth of the lamina and the differentiation of the midrib.
4) It appeared that phosphorus might compensate for the negative effect of potassium in the potassium and phosphorus plots.

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