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農村住民의 巫俗治療에 對한 態度調査 A STUDY ON THE ATTITIUDES OF RURAL PEOPLE TOWARD THE FOLK TREATMENTS

신경정신의학 1975년 14권 4호 p.405 ~ 416
鄭京?, 李符永,
소속 상세정보
鄭京? (  ) 
서울대학교 醫科大學 精神科學敎室

李符永 (  ) 
서울대학교 醫科大學 精神科學敎室

Abstract


For the purpose of investigating the attititudes and emotional responses of the rural residents toward the folk treatments, and evlauating its effects in the part of psychotherapeutic aspects of shamanism in Korea, this survey was conducted by the authors with direct interview method on 104 medical and psychiatric patients and their fa­milies who had invited shamans for performing shamanistic rituals for treatments, residing in Dangjin-Gun, Choongchungnam-Do (province), during the 2 weeks period, from August 5th to 18 th, 1974.
The findings and results obtained from the sur­vey are summerized as follows:
1) As for the perceived results of folk trea­tments, 38.4% of cases were improved, 52.9% unchanged, and 8.7% worsened and females seemed to be get more subjective improvement than males which did not necessarily mean the objective med­ical healing.
2) About the rate of expectations of the magical healing power of shamanism before the rituals, 43.2% felt positive, and particulary in female subjects.
3) During the rituals, direct feeling responses of participants were various on individual basis and nearly half of them were in negative or depressive feeling. The result of the treatment was closely correlated with the rate of expectations of magical power and the intensity of participant´s feeling responses.
4) Nearly all of the rituals of shamanistic treatments was motivated and mainteined (leaded) by females.
5) No significant differences are found in the attitude toward the folklore treatments of various groups divided with the age distribution, econom­ical status, and educational background. But the Catholics and Protestants seemed to be more neg­ative or less positively responded for the folk treatments.
6) Among supernatural concepts of disease, 53. 0% of cases were classified as the spirit intrusion, 26. 9% as the breach of taboo, 8. 5% as the object intrusion, and the soul loss and disease sorcery had not been reported.
In addition, the discussions were held on the classification of diseases from which these subjects had sufferred, contents and methods of treatment rituals, and other modalities of treatments utilized after folk treatment.

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