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靑年期 家出과 關係的 自我像 ADOLESCENT RUNAWAYS AND INTERPRESONAL SELF-IMAGES

신경정신의학 1976년 15권 4호 p.25 ~ 31
한시령, 이경진,
소속 상세정보
한시령 (  ) 
가톨릭대학교 의과대학 신경정신과학교실

이경진 (  ) 
가톨릭대학교 의과대학 신경정신과학교실

Abstract


Although runaway has many forms, generally trunawsy means that a person leaves his living thome without ´any planned approach to solve the confronting realistic problems. This kind of morden adolescent runaways reflect oaring family, social, and cultural dynamics. They say that family dynamics can mainly be conceptualized as distnrbances in transactional modes and cultural characteristics are indicated by adolescent counter culture or alternate culture and runaway culture. Rather than being clear-cut syndromes or disease entities, runaway is surface manifestations of complex psychological conditions and development. Because of the complex psychological problems they can easily be dropped down drug abuse and many forms of delinquent behaviors. Now it is a kind of crucial social problems to guide adolescent moredeeirabily and to prevent adolescent from delinquent behavior. In order to study how self-images influence the runaway behavior this study was desinged.
Subjects consisted of 60 male runaways who are now in the Child Guidance Clinic Center and 40 junior school boys who have not experienced any kind of runaway to now.
According to the method of Hanser´s self-images study (1976) subjects. was forced, individually in runaway and groupingly in normal, to describe his subjective perception to the open items: 1) How
I am now 2) How I would be if 1 were a perfect son to my mother. 3) How I am in the eyes of my friends. 4) How I would be if I were a perfect son to my father. 5) How I am in the eyes of other peerson (without friends).
The results were as follow:
1) Non-runaways percept himself significantly´ positive, on the other hand ruanwkye percept himself rather negative ones. Runaways always find himself in the help-seeking situation.
2) Runaway self-images. in the parental relations was characterized that moral references or behavior desirabilities consist in his main pressures. Non-runaways are achievement references. But non-runaway parents seem to emphasize on not only achievement but also adaptive behavioral orientation in the light of it´s real contents. So runaways main pressures are social desirability or moral ego to his behavior.
3) Differences of peer self-images failed to find statistical significance. Self-images in the adult relationships tend significantly to be negative ones. This can be interpreted he identifies adult as a parental figures, behavioral or moral pressures.
4) Eventually negative self-images in the relation with parents, unrealistic parental pressure such as achievement or be havior, ego-conflicts due to achievent and moral pressures and compensatory ego-ideal to ward off the feelings of self-inefficiencies seem to be main intrapersonal clues of runa way behavior.

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