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延世地域에 對한 保健基礎調査

A Basic Health Survey of the Yonsei Community Health Service Area, Seoul

예방의학회지 1968년 1권 1호 p.25 ~ 36
양재모, 김명호,
소속 상세정보
양재모 (  ) - 연세대학교 의과대학 예방의학교실
김명호 ( Kim Myung-Ho ) - 연세대학교 의과대학 예방의학교실

Abstract


Introduction


In order to improve medical education through the introduction of a concept of comprehensive health care of a community, an area surrounding the University Campus was chosen for the Community Health Service Project. It has been on operation for last 4 years with its major emphasis on family planning services, and maternal and child health care.


The major objectives of this survey at the area are to obtain:


1) The demographic data, 2) The health need and trend of medical care,


3) The attitude and practice in maternity care to be used for further improvement of the planning and the services of the project.


Population and Survey Method


Out of three Dongs of the Community Health Service Area, only two Dongs namely Changchun and Yonhee were selected for the survey. Total number of households and population in the area studied was 3, 683 and 21, 857 respectively. An interview was performed with questionnaire schedule which was recorded by interviewers. This includes the degree of utilization of health services provided by the Community Health Service Program such as family planning, prenatal care during their last pregnancy, delivery history and complications of the delivery as well as the incidence of illnesses in general.


Prior to the interview, all interviewers were trained for interviewing technique for two days. The survey was carried out during the period from October December 1967.


Results


1) Demographic Data :


41. 3% of the population studied were children under age 15 and only 3.5% were over 60 years of age. Crude birth rate and crude death rate of this area studied during the period of November 1966?October 1967 were 20.5 and 7.7 respectively. Infant mortality rate during the same period was 35.9.


50.4 % of the 2, 832 households fell into the category of middle class, :39. %? to the lower class and 9.5 % to the upper class in economic condition. 19.8% of 2, 832 householders had no formal education, 22. % primary school, and 57.5 % middle or higher school education.


2) Health Status and Utilization of the Community Health Service:


Those who suffered from many illnesses during the month of October, 1967 were 690(4.6 % of 14, 891 Classification of these patients into the type of disease shown respiratory diseases 27.4%, gastrointestinal diseases 11.1 %, tuberculosis 10.9%, skin and genitourethral diseases 4.5 % and.. gynecologic patients 4.5%.


Only 55.9 % of the patients received medical care at hospital or doctor´s clinic. But among TB and gynecologic patients, 70.7% % and 72.4% were treated at medical facilities.


10, 6% of 2, 832 householders interviewed has ever utilized the Community Health Service Program provided by the Yonsei Medical School. Classifying these clients into the type of service, 35.9% utilized the weilbaby clinic, 31.0% the family planning clinic, 14.7% the home delivery care, and the rest utilized other services such as the premarital guidance cinlic and the sanitary inspection service.


3) Maternity Care:


23.6% of 2, 151 deliveries were done at medical facilities such as hospital, private clinic, while 76.4% were done at home. Acceptance rate of prenatal care was 32.6 % as whole, but 49.6 of 774 women who had the prenatal care service had their deliveries at medical facility.


45. 1% of total deliveries were attended by medical and or paramedical personnel. 75.8% of the deliveries of those received prenatal care were attended by medical and or paramedical personnel while only 27.8% of the deliveries of those who did not have prenatal care attended by medical and or paramedical personnel.


49.8 % of deliveries of the upper class, 29.8% of the middle class and 9.9 % of the lower class were attended by medical and or paramedical personnel. 6.2, 3.3% and 24.8% of mothers reported about their xeperience of edema, coma and fever during the period of trimester of pregnancy and puerperium.


4) Family Planning:


The rate of practice of family planning was 27.9%. 31.7% of them were by IUD, 20.9 % by oral pill, 15.2 % by sterilization and the rest by traditional methods. Those women who had 3 to 4 children had highest (30.2%). Practice rate among the various methods of family planning, oral gill was the most popular method to whom had 2 or less children. In relation between the practicing rate of family planning and living standard, the upper, middle and lower class practiced 37.5, 29.4 and 19.9% respectively.

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