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蠶絲會社 女工의 皮膚疾患 Skin Diseases of Female Workers in Silk Reeling Industry

예방의학회지 1976년 9권 1호 p.117 ~ 122
김두희,
소속 상세정보
김두희 ( Kim Doo-Hie ) 
경북대학교 의과대학 예방의학교실

Abstract

?絲會社 勞動者의 職業性疾患을 분석해 보기 위하여 1975년 11月 勞動條件이 같은 大邱市內 某?絲會社 女子勤務者 177名에 대하여 集團健康診斷時 視診에 의하여 實施한 결과 다음과 같이 요약할 수 있었다.

全 女子勤務者에 있어서 各種皮革疾患의 有病率이 53%로 半數이상에 달하여 皮膚疾患은 大體로 3가지로 大分, 손톱磨耗, 皮膚의 각화, 裸瘤, 龜裂 등과 같은 皮膚變化(47.5%)가 가장 많으며 알레르기 反應(14.7%)과 기타 무좀 등의 순이었다.

皮膚變化는 그 進行程度의 差異가 있었으나 대개 複合的으로 發生하여 근속년수와는 무관한 것 같으나 대체적으로 2년이상 근속자에게 빈발하는 경향을 보이며 손톱磨耗는 이에 따라 顯著한 差異를 보이고 있다. 알래르기 反應은 入社後 수개월 이내에 發生하며 다시 접촉 여하에 따라 그 정도로 달라지게 되는 것 같다. 계속 근무자보다 과거에 경험한 바 있는 자에서 다소 그 빈도가 높은 경향을 보여 준다. 好發部位는 역시 접촉이 잦은 손가락부터 손바닥, 손, 팔, 다리, 얼국, 목, 몸통등 광범하게 번져가며 심한 경우 습진 양으로 변해 가고 있다.

The occupational skin diseases in an industry of silk reeling located in Daegu city of Korea were analyzed by inspection through a mass survey for improving the workers´ health, November, 1975.
The subjects, 177 persons were all females, and were distributed at 18-38 years old. About two thirds were under 25 years old. The meanage was 23.6 years.

The incidence of skin diseases was about 53%. It was generally divided into three groups;- the epidermic changes of those were most frequent, 47.5%, the allergic reactions were 14.7%, and athlete´s foot was only four cases, 2.3%. Most frequent signs of epidermic changes was the wornout nail, 32.3%; and the keratolysis, 28.8%; and the callus, 15.3% were followed in order. Theses were significant in five per cent level between the sections of the silk reeling and the manufacturing Allergic reactions and worn-out nail were more frequent in the manufacturing group than the silk reeling, and keratolysis and callus were inverted proportionally.

Allergic reactions were occurred within a few months from first entrance time, and it was more frequent in the group exposed to same allergen in the past than the continuing group from first. Most of the appearing sites of theses were hands, and infrequently, it was occurred in the face, neck, trunk, knee and feet.

These epidermic changes except allergic phenomena were appeared in the fingers, palmal and dorsal surface of hands frequently contacted.

But these changes and allergic reactions were generally combined with two or more kinds.

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