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Comparing the surgical outcomes of dual-port laparoscopic distal gastrectomy and three-port laparoscopic distal gastrectomy for gastric cancer

Annals of Surgical Treatment and Research 2021년 100권 1호 p.18 ~ 24
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Abstract


Purpose: Many studies have demonstrated that single-incision or reduced-port laparoscopic distal gastrectomy is a feasible method compared to conventional laparoscopic distal gastrectomy. Using rigid-type laparoscope and right-side approach, we could perform dual-port laparoscopic distal gastrectomy (DPLDG) for gastric cancer. This study aimed to compare the surgical outcomes of DPLDG to those of 3-port laparoscopic distal gastrectomy (TPLDG).

Methods: From March 2017 to December 2019, this retrospective study included 218 patients with gastric cancer who underwent DPLDG (106 patients) or TPLDG (112 patients) at SMG-SNU Boramae Medical Center. Surgical outcomes were compared between 2 operation methods.

Results: Operation time was similar between DPLDG and TPLDG (158.9 ± 33.4 minutes vs. 154.0 ± 31.1 min, P = 0.787). The number of retrieved lymph nodes was similar between the 2 groups (35.3 ± 14.6 vs. 37.0 ± 13.5, P = 0.415). The complication rate in DPLDG and TPLDG groups was 10.4% and 8.9%, respectively (P = 0.894). The time to first flatus, time to first diet, and postoperative hospital stay were similar between the 2 groups. There were no reoperation or mortality cases. The cost of trocars was 359.9 US dollars (USD) in DPLDG and 291?391.4 USD in TPLDG.

Conclusion: The surgical outcomes of DPLDG and TPLDG did not differ. Regarding fewer incisions, DPLDG can be an alternative option for TPLDG.

키워드

Laparoscopy; Reduced port; Stomach neoplasms

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