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Studies on the Preparation of Organic Halogen Compounds Labelled by ^(38)Cl. (Ⅱ)

원자력학회지 1973년 5권 3호 p.202 ~ 213
김유선,
소속 상세정보
김유선 ( Kim You-Sun ) 
Korea Atomic Energy Research institute

Abstract

본 연구의 제1보에 뒤이어서 방향족 염소유도체의 Szilard Chalmer 반응으로 얻어진 유기층의 성분을 분리하여서 표지 조건을 검토하였다. 여러가지 성분을 모두 분리할 수는 없었으나 주성분을 증류법 및 박층 Chromatography 등으로 분리하였으며 그 화학구조가 원시료의 표지물임을 확인하였다. 고채시료의 경우에는 주성분이 유기표지물의 80-60%이였고 액채시료에 있어서는 70% 이하였다. 장시간 조사하면 주성분 수율이 증가 되었으나 방사선에 불안정한 화합물의 경우에는 도리허 감소하였다. Chromatography로 분리되는 부생성물들의 수율은 액체시료의 경우 많았으나 고체의 경우는 이 보다 적었고 따라서 주생성물의 분리가 용이하였다. 각 화합물의 표지수율을 표시하고 Chromatography에 의한 분리조건을 논의하였으며 이 표지 방식의 실용성을 화학구조와 관련시켜 고찰하였다.
In a continuation of the Ist series of these studies, a separation of the components in organic phases obtained from Szilard Chalmer reactions of aromatic chloro derivatives was attempted to clarify the conditions of isolating the main component. Though it was unable to isolate all constituents of organic phases, the main component was well isolated by means of a simple distillation or a thin layer chromatography. It was identified that the main component was a recombined product of the recoiled i8C1 atom with the original sample. In
cases of solid samples the main component amounted about 80-60% of the radio activity of the organic phase, whereas the main component from liquid samples gave less than 70% of the radio activity of the organic phase. A prolonged irradiation could increase the yield of a main component, but it was, in case of a radiation senintive compound, decreased as the irradiation is extended.
The mumber of side products separated from an organic phase of a liquid sample was greater than that of a solid sample, and hence the main component of a solid sample was isolated easier.
The overall yields of the labelled main products of 22 kinds of compounds Were listed and a procedure of the separation of the main component by a thin layer chromatograply was proposed and evaluated. The feasibility of the present procedure for labelling purpose was also reviewed with respects to the chemical structure of a compound.

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