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自動車交通事故이 疫學的 硏究

The Epidemiological Studies on the Automobile Accidents

전남의대잡지 1968년 5권 2호 p.175 ~ 190
김병우,
소속 상세정보
김병우 (  ) - 전남대학교 의과대학 예방의학교실

Abstract


Seven hundredd and six cases of automobile accidents reported in the urban and rural areas of Choilanamdo province during the two years of 1963 and 1964 were studied epidemiologically, and following, results were obtained.
1. Incidence rate. of vehicle accident was 18.6 per 100 vehicles per year. Incidence of injury and death per each accident was 1.9 and 0.2 person, respectively.
2. One case of accident was recorded per 6.2 employed drivers.
3. Analysis on the causes of I accidents shows that failure of. driver was 45.7%, that of pedestrians was 33.3%, and lack of maintenance included others was 20.1%.
4. Highest incidence of. accident was reported in the summer. The July and August showed the peak of incidence curve.More accidents were reported on Monday and Tuesday, and less in Wednesday and Sunday. Generally, more accidents happened in the afternoon of the day.
5. Among the various age groups of drivers, the group of 24 to 29 years of age had the highest incidence rate of accidents.
6. Collision between vehicles´and men was the most frequent type of accidents, which amounted to 48.9% and occurred more frequently during the daytime. The other type of accidents with upsetting or falling down of vehicles amounted to 18.5%, and usually these accidents occurred during the dim night rather than the daytime.
7. It is noteworthy that incidence rate of accidents of bus (55.8%) was higher than of truck (27.7%), and smaller vehicles involved i in more particular type of accidents such as crash and upsetting or falling down.

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