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交通死傷의 疫學的硏究

The Epidemiological Studies on the Fatalities and Injurias of Traffic accidents

전남의대잡지 1968년 5권 2호 p.191 ~ 203
김병우,
소속 상세정보
김병우 (  ) - 전남대학교 의과대학 예방의학교실

Abstract


Epidemiological studies on the Fatalities and Injuries of traffic accidents which were reported in the area of Chollanamdo province during 24 Month period (1963-1964) revealed following results.
1. Total accidents amounted to l, 381 cases. The dead and wounded were 156 (11.3%) and 1, 225(88.1%) cases respectively, showing the accident and. population ratio, 0.4 dead and 3.1 wounded person per 10, 000 population. Male and Female ratio of the accidents was 4.8:2.2
2. Higher number of accidents were. recorded in the months of May and August, and most of the accidents were found during the period between 10.00-18.00 hours.
3. Age distribution showed the highest occurence in the group of 25 to 29 years of age, and next occurence in the group of 5 to 9 years of age.
4. An analysis on the type of vehicles revealed that large vehicles frequently involved in accidents with crash, upsetting and falling down. It was found that the smaller the vehicles involved, the higher the rate of death. Moreover, collision between vehicle and men was found to be the major cause of the traffic death.
5. Among the major sites of injuries (Head, Trunk, Face, and Lowerextremities) head was most frequently injured in the accidents. Head injuries were found in 23.3% of accidents.
6. Among various types of injuries, contusion (34.5%), lacerated wound (18.0%), and fractures (17.9%) were found to be most frequent types of injuries. In most accidents, these three tpes of injuries were given to pedestrians.
Fracture of head were .most frequent type of fracture, and death due to head fracture amounted to 57 (79.2%) out of 80 cases of fractures.
7. It is noteworthy that most of the accidental death (70.5%) was brought to these who were walking rather than those who were in the cars.

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