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서울市 및 濟州島의 住宅衛生調査

Hygienic Survey of dwellings in Seoul and Cheju-island, especially in the overcrowding conditions of the inner room(안방)

최신의학 1962년 5권 7호 p.77 ~ 81
빈순덕,
소속 상세정보
빈순덕 ( Bin Soon-Duk ) - 수도의과대학 예방의학교실

Abstract


Poor housing is a contributor to low physical and mental efficiency, and its relation to prevalence of disease is easy to recognize. The condition of overcrowding is, no doubt, an unavoidable evil to high incidence of disease. The postwar rehabilitation programs with the United Nations Korean Reconstruction Agency (UNKRA) have greatly improved housing conditions. Most of new dwellings of the wealthy people in urbarn areas have changed its conventional style into modern western type or some parts of the houses have been modified with western style. However, most dwellings in the farming areas are still in a state of substandards showing a basic deficiency in hygienic aspects.
The survey was undertaken with an intention of finding current status of overcrowding situations in Seoul city and Cheju-island. Included in this survey were 343 houses of the wealthy class sampled in Seoul city and 117 farmer´s dwellings on Cheju-island. From the point of hygienic significance, the inner room, in which the parent and yongsters reside and sleep, was measured in order to obtain figures pertaing to the floor, air and window spaces of the room. Others to which the survey was made were the numbeor of rooms, the size of the family, correlation coefficients among floor space, window dimension and the size of the family etc.
The major findings can be summarized in the following:
1) During summer season it was found that the average floor space per person was 5.32m2, air space per person 12.77m3, window space 5.50m2. During winter the floor space decreased to 4.10m2, air space to 10.33m3 and window space to 5.50m2.
2) During summer of Cheju-island, it was observed that the floor space was 1.76m2, the air space 3.8m3, and the window space was 2.14m2.
3) During summer season of Seoul city correlation between floor space and the size of family was poorly established since the correlation coefficient (r) was 0.21. The coefficient between floor space and window was 0.43. In summer on Cheju-island these"r" values were 0.35 and 0.22.
4) The number of family per bedding was 1.2 persons in Seoul and that on Cheju-island was 2.2 persons on the average. The average number of rooms in Seoul was 4.4 while 2.4 on Cheju-island. It was also noticed that more than one half the whole family reside in the innerroom both in Seoul and Cheju-island, which definitely constitutes overcrowding conditions in Korean houses.

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