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殺人犯 30例에 대한 法精神醫學的 考察

Forensic psychiatric study on 30 homicidal cases

최신의학 1963년 6권 12호 p.67 ~ 74
김오혁,
소속 상세정보
김오혁 (  ) - 청량리뇌병원

Abstract


The author engazed in forensic psychiatric study on 42 criminal offenders including 30 homicidal cases who had been refered to Chungryangri Mental Hospital by court order during the period, March 1958April 1963.
All such criminal offenders were committed to the psychiatric in-patient service at Chungryangri Mental Hospital for 7^-10 day´s psychiatric evaluation.
First of all, the problems of criminal responsibility of the offenders were discussed briefly, and the statistical evaluation of the 42 criminal offenders was presented.
1) As to the sex distribution, the ratio of male: female was 3:1 and more than 50 per cent of slayers were between 20-39 in their age.
2) It is note worthy that two third of offenders were the people of the rural areas in comparison with the city dweller of our general criminal population.
3) A great many cases, as a whole, showed very defective school achievement only 10 per cent going beyond the middle school and 30 per cent were completely not educated.
The levels of their living were also poor with 52.3 per cent of the cases being out of work.
4) Out of 42 criminal offenders, 30(71.4%) were homicidal cases.
The victims were relatively unknown to the murderers but family members whom they had been emotionally related to.
As regarding their motivation for homicide, there was no gain to the murderers by killing the victims. Only 2 cases were indicated as consiously motivated and planned murder.
Most schizophrenics, however, committed homicide as a result of paranoid fear, morbid jealousy or delusion and sometimes misidentification.
In cases of mental deficiency, they killed the victims because of their immaturity and childish hostility.
5) The method of the murder was also primitive, haphazerd and unnecessarily violent. Materials used by murderers were not prepared before crime and they killed the victims with various
things or whatever could immediately be pressed into use.
6) Concerning the attitude after homicide, over 50 per cent of the cases showed little affective reaction to the homicide without any remorse, feeling of guilt, self-accusation, and even fear of punishment. 9 of them had a complete or nearly complete amnesia of the crime.

7) Concerning psychiafric diagnoses, schizophrenic reaction, especially, in chronic nature, was the most prevalent disease and showed 40.4%.

Next was mental deficiency; 21.4% and convulsive disorders; 14.2%, brain disorders; 9.5% and so on. Only 2 of homicidal cases were indicated as malingering.
8) Six of 42 cases had prior admissions to the psychiatric hospitals and 3 had psychiatric care as a out-patitent.

The problem of family heredity were uncertain in details because of difficulties to get information about them, but 5 cases were showed that there were psychotics in their family.
9) In my psychiatric opinion, 25 out of 30 homicidal cases were evaluated as being irresponsible because of their insanity and 3 were responsible but diminished and only 2 cases responsible for their criminal act.
In cases of 42 offenders including 30 homicides, 73.8% were irresponsible, 14.2%: responsible but diminished and 11.9% being responsible for their crime.
10) It is regret that the statistics regarding the verdict by the court to the criminal offenders were not i tabulated and expressed in this paper due to scanty information.

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