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우리나라 성인의 사회경제적 요인이 건강 수준에 미치는 영향: 7기 국민건강영양조사를 중심으로

The Effect of Socioeconomic Factors on Health Status Among Korean Adults: Based on the 7th Korean National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey

한국보건간호학회지 2020년 34권 3호 p.416 ~ 428
김윤정, 안보미,
소속 상세정보
김윤정 ( Kim Yoon-Jung ) - Ewha Womans University College of Nursing
안보미 ( An Bo-Mi ) - Ewha Womans University College of Nursing

Abstract


Purpose: This study identified socioeconomic factors affecting the health status of Korean adults.

Methods: Secondary data from 12,921 adults aged 19 to 64 old in the 7th Korean National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey were used. The participants’ health status was measured using the indicators that included health behaviors (smoking, high-risk drinking, strength exercise, and aerobic physical activity) and health outcomes (metabolic syndrome, and subjective health status).

Results: For all health behaviors and health outcomes, gender, age, educational level, and income were common affecting factors. Regarding health behaviors, the employment status was related to smoking, high-risk drinking, strength exercise, and aerobic physical activity. The marital status was related to high-risk drinking, strength exercise, and aerobic physical activity. The household type was related to smoking. The residential area was related to smoking, high-risk drinking, and aerobic physical activity. For health outcomes, the household type was related to obesity, and subjective health status; residential area was related to obesity.

Conclusion: This study presented basic data for assessing the differences in health status. The characteristics of the affecting factors to health status should be considered, depending on the health behaviors and health outcomes.

키워드

사회경제적 요인; 건강수준; 건강행위; 건강결과; 성인
Socioeconomic factors; health status; health behavior; outcome assessment (health care); adult

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