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韓國植物의 開花期

Flowering Periods of Korean Flora

한국생활과학연구원논총 1969년 3권 0호 p.19 ~ 26
이영노,
소속 상세정보
이영노 (  ) - 이화여자대학교 문리대학 대학

Abstract


In 1931, Mrs Lorence Crane published a flower book which included one hundred thirty-five species of Korean Plants.
The flowers were arranged by flowering periods from January to December. The purpose of this study is to consider and to analyse the Korean flora by statistics.
I counted the flowering periods in an Illustrated Korean Flora by Chung Tai Hyun in 1955.
The counted flowering plants were 2,768 entries(species, subspecies, variety and forma) including 1,773 herbs taxa and 995 woody plants.
Summer flowering plabts titaked 1,950 entries(70.0%), spring flowering plants, 1,061 entries, (38.3%) and 402 entries (14.5%) of autumn flowers, and also 3 entries of winter flowering plants were counted (See figure 1).
The 1,773 entries of herbaceous plants which included 1,518 entries (85.6%) of summer flowers plants, 1,061 entries(36.6%) of spring flowers plants and 375 autumn flowers. While woody plants (995 taxa) consisted of 445 summer flower taxa(44.7%), 590(59.3%) spring flowers plants and 27 entries (2.7%) of autumn flower plants.
The analysed result of flowering periods on Korean flora are shown in Table one and Figure one. The most dominant period of flowering plants of Korea is summer. The second is spring, and the third is autumn.
The results are related with the temperatures and precipitations(Figure 1, Table 2).
Durung spring there are only nine flowring families: Ginkgoaceae, Taxaceae, Cephalotaxaceae, Cupressaceae, Salicaceae, Myricaeae, Staphyleacea, Hamamelidaceae and Cucurbitaceae. But Plumbainaceae is blooming in autume. Some 78 fanilies are flowering in spring to summer and 21 families are blooming summer to autumn. There are 21 flowering families in summer: Typhaceae, Spargamiaceae, Lemnaceae, Commelinaceae, Piperaceae, Chloranthaceae, Ceratophllaceae, Menispermaceae, Droseraceae, Linaceae, Zyophyllaceae, Myrsinaceae, Sabiaceae, Elaeocarpaceae, Alangiaceae, Haloragaceae, Diapensiaceae, Myrsinaceae, Apocynaceae, Polemoniaceae, and Pedaliaceace.
Spring flowering woody plants and summer flowering herbaceous plants dominated. These results are considered to be related by annual and biennial herbs, about 432 entries of the pants which are usually seedlings in spring or the latest autumn. The plants grow during the spring to summer and usually flower in summer or autumn. It seems Korean biotic climate can be designated as a summer flower climate.

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