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바이러스에 의한 최근(2010-2019) 국내 식중독 사고와 검출법 및 제어법에 대한 동향 조사

Recent (2010-2019) foodborne outbreaks caused by viruses in the Republic of Korea along with their detection and inactivation methods

한국식품과학회지 2021년 53권 1호 p.1 ~ 11
권승욱, 김상순,
소속 상세정보
권승욱 ( Kwon Seung-Wook ) - Dankook University Department of Food Engineering
김상순 ( Kim Sang-Soon ) - Dankook University Department of Food Engineering

Abstract


In this review, recent foodborne outbreaks caused by viruses in the Republic of Korea (2010-2019) were analyzed. The human norovirus was found to be the major foodborne virus causing an average of 94.9% of the viral outbreaks. Reverse-transcription polymerase chain reaction (PCR) with electrophoresis has been widely used to detect viruses, but several rapid detection methods, including real-time PCR, multiplex PCR, and quantum dot assay, have also been suggested. For norovirus inactivation studies, surrogates such as murine norovirus and feline calicivirus have been widely used to identify the reduction rate owing to the limitations in laboratory cultivation. Conversely, direct cell infection studies have been conducted for other foodborne viruses such as adenovirus, astrovirus, rotavirus, and hepatitis A or E virus. Moreover, virucidal mechanisms using various physical and chemical treatments have been revealed. These recent studies suggest that rapid in situ detection and effective control are valuable for ensuring food safety against viral infections.

키워드

food safety; foodborne virus; norovirus; detection; inactivation

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