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我空軍操縱士 生體計測

Anthropometry of the ROHAF pilots

항공의학 1961년 9권 1호 p.61 ~ 113
계원철,
소속 상세정보
계원철 (  ) - 공군 본부 의무감실

Abstract


One hundred and thirty two anthropometries including the bead and face, the trunk and extremity, hand and foot, were made on 264 ROS Air Force pilots at the age ranging from 23 to 36. Results from this anthropometry were compared with those of the US Air Force pilots. Most mathematical mean values of the ROK Air Force, pilots are lower than, those of the US Air Force pilots except these codes waist height(sitting), elbow circumference, anterior neck length, bigonial diameter, bitragion diameter, distance from external canthus to wall, and length of bitragion-coronal arc. Also in regard to the ratio between each mean value, marked differences were noted between the Korean pilots and the US pilots as indicated in the following. In the ratio of length of upper leg to trunk, the US Air Force pilots show larger value compared with that of the ROK Air Force pilots.
In the ratio of length of the lower extremity (from crotch to the medial malleolus) to trunk, the US Air Force pilots show larger value than that of the ROK Air Force pilots. Regarding ratio of weight to stature, the ROK Air Force pilots are less than the US Air Force pilots. In the measurement concerning foot and hand, the ratio of ball of foot circumference to foot length in the ROK Air Force pilots is higher than that of the US Air Ford" pilots. From the result of this anthropometry, in view of body weight and stature, applicability of the US Air Force CSU-4/P pressure suit, 8 category, is a matter of consideration a small regular size is to be worn by 61.4% of the ROK Air Force pilots. If we consider an additional extra small size, which will fit better the ROK Air Force flyers whose body weight is lighter than 124 pounds, 18.2% of the ROK Air Force pilots will fall to this size category.
There are also unfitting points on each of 27 codes for each size of 8 categories of CSU-4/P pressure suit. In the practical view points, since CSU-4/P suit has been sized according to the stature and weight, the difference in percent ratio of trunk and extremity between the US Air Force pilots and the ROK Air Force pilots might naturally be a problem. For instance, a difficulty is located here if one fits a length of trunk, the length of extremity of suit is unfit able, and contrary if one concerns a fitness of extremity the length of trunk of suit is unfit able. Considering the measurements of foot, the ratio of circumference to the length of foot of the ROK Air Force pilots is larger than the US Air Force flying personnel. In wearing flying shoes if one fits length of the shoes, the width of shoes is narrow. Since the tight fitness of pressure suit is an important factor, this problem of unfitness should be cleared with anthropometrical data, if new pressure suit is provided for the ROK Air Force pilot.

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