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정부 조직구조에 따른 책임은폐와 문제해결의 동학(動學): 국내 가습기 살균제 사건과 일본의 약해간염 사고의 비교

The Dynamics between Accountability Concealment and Problem Solving according to the Governmental Structure: Comparison of Humidifier Disinfectant Case in Korea and Hepatitis C from Tainted Products in Japan

보건행정학회지 2020년 30권 4호 p.444 ~ 450
현승효, 이민규, 류화신,
소속 상세정보
현승효 ( Hyeon Seung-Hyo ) - Chungbuk National University Graduate School Department of Public Administration
이민규 ( Lee Min-Kyu ) - Chungbuk National University College of Social Sciences Department of Public Administration
류화신 ( Ryoo Hwa-Shin ) - Chungbuk National University Law School

Abstract


Background: In this study, we compared the incidents of humidifier disinfectants and incidents of mild hepatitis in Japan to highlight the differences in government response in the health care field in terms of “chain of responsibility”.

Methods: We examined whether the three mechanisms of action and the chain of responsibility hypothesis were applied to compare the cases of Korea and Japan. The incident of Japan occurred in 1987 in Misawa city, Aomori prefecture. In the 1990s, the safety of blood products increased dramatically. However, relief for infected victims was neglected. Green Cross did not notify the parties. In Korea, in the spring of 2011, a number of lung disease patients were accidentally admitted to a hospital in Seoul, and a female patient with respiratory failure symptoms expired. The Korea Centers for Disease Control and Prevention conducted animal tests and the Ministry of Health and Welfare issued an order for forced collection of humidifier disinfectants.

Results: In the case of Japan, the Ministry of Health and Welfare had to take responsibility for follow-up measures such as the investigation of the cause, so it was tied to a “chain of responsibility”. However, in the case of Korea, the Ministry of Health and Welfare was free from the chain.

Conclusion: Through the comparison between the cases of Japan and Korea, we confirmed that whether or not a government organization chooses to conceal responsibility depends on its past behavior, which is whether it is free from the chain of responsibility or not. Therefore, it was reaffirmed that an organization (ministry or department) free from the chain of responsibility must exist within the government.

키워드

Humidifier disinfectant; Hepatitis C; Fibrinogen; Bureaucracy; Organization behavior

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