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칼 구스타프 융(C. G. Jung)과 존 비비(John Beebe)의 성격유형론을 통해 본 이제마(李濟馬)의 사상체질(四象體質)별 성격유형의 분화와 구조

Differentiation and Structure of Psychological Types in Sasang Constitutions Described by Lee, Je Ma: Perspectives from Type Theories of C. G. Jung and John Beebe

동의신경정신과학회지 2020년 31권 4호 p.235 ~ 247
이수진, 구병수,
소속 상세정보
이수진 ( Rhi Su-Jin ) - Dongguk University College of Korean Medicine Department of Neuropsychiatry
구병수 ( Koo Byung-Soo ) - Dongguk University College of Oriental Medicine Department of Neuropsychiatry

Abstract


Objectives: In this study, we examine whether Sasang constitutions include all 8 attitude-function types, forming a complete paradigm from the perspective of Jungian psychological type theory.

Methods: Analysis of the meanings of psychological attitudes and function of each Sasang constitution was performed, comparing them with the typological theories of C.G.Jung and John Beebe, both of whom are eminent minds in Jungian typology.

Results and Conclusions: (1) Each Sasang constitution had all 8 psychological attitude-function combinations, which are diversely differentiated by type within their conscious and unconscious psyches.
This is likely because attitudes and functions that develop in the conscious mind build up compensating attitudes and functions in the unconscious. (2) It seems that extroversion and introversion coexist within every Sasang constitution as psychological descriptions reported by Lee, Je ma state. The superior and inferior functions are disposed in the order of organ size in Sasang constitutions, but dominance of extroversion or introversion as defined by Jung’s concepts of attitude does not seem to be determined by constitution.

키워드

Psychological types; 8 Attitude-function types; The whole conscious and the unconscious; Compensation; Differentiation and structure; Sasang constitutions

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