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의료기관 간호사에 대한 수혈관련 교육 시행 효과 분석

Analysis of the Effects of the Implementation of Transfusion-Related Education for Nurses at Medical Institutions

대한수혈학회지 2020년 31권 3호 p.222 ~ 229
임진숙, 최새롬, 송치은, 박유미, 임영애, 김준년, 권계철,
소속 상세정보
임진숙 ( Lim Jin-Sook ) - Chungnam National University College of Medicine Department of Laboratory Medicine
최새롬 ( Choi Sae-Rom ) - Korea Disease Control and Prevention Agency Bureau of Healthcare Safety and Immunization Division of Immunization
송치은 ( Song Chie-Eun ) - Korea Disease Control and Prevention Agency Central Disease Control Headquarters
박유미 ( Park Yu-Mi ) - Konyang University College of Medicine Department of Laboratory Medicine
임영애 ( Lim Young-Ae ) - Ajou University School of Medicine Department of Laboratory Medicine
김준년 ( Kim Jun-Nyun ) - National Institute of Organ, Tissue and Blood Management Division of Human Blood Safety Surveillance
권계철 ( Kwon Gye-Cheol ) - Chungnam National University College of Medicine Department of Laboratory Medicine

Abstract


Background: Nurses play a central role in the process of blood transfusion because they have the closest interactions with patients. Providing nurses with the appropriate knowledge and competency through education can help ensure transfusion safety. This study investigated the effectiveness of the first nationwide transfusion-related education for nurses by analyzing questionnaires for a self-assessment of competency on transfusion-related knowledge before and after the education and general evaluation for the educational program.

Methods: The education program was composed of four lectures and was conducted in seven regions in South Korea. One hundred and ninety-two nurses participated, and the questionnaires for 170 nurses were analyzed.

Results: The participants consisted of 90 nurses (53.0%) from tertiary hospitals, 23 (13.5%) from general hospitals, and 57 (33.5%) from other hospitals. The majority of the participants (103/170, 60.6%) were from hospitals with ≥500 beds, and 69.4% had a work period of ≥10 years. The scores for pre-/post-education self-assessment of competency were as follows: blood components, 3.03/3.73; pretransfusion testing, 2.86/3.64; management of transfusion, 3.18/3.84; and transfusion reactions, 3.11/3.78. In all categories, there was a significant increase in the score after the education program. The majority of participants (99.4%) provided a positive response regarding the necessity of a transfusion-related education program.

Conclusion: South Korea’s first attempt at transfusion-related education for nurses showed a strong positive effect by improving participants’ transfusion-related competency. Considering the important role of nurses in blood transfusion, the educational program should continue and be expanded in the future.

키워드

Transfusion medicine education; Education; Education assessment

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