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음악중재가 간이식 환자의 환경 스트레스와 수면의 질에 미치는 효과

The Effects of Music Intervention on Environmental Stress and Sleep Quality in Patients with Liver Transplantation

기본간호학회지 2019년 26권 2호 p.75 ~ 85
이인선, 박형숙,
소속 상세정보
이인선 ( Lee In-Seon ) - 양산부산대학교병원 외과계중환자실
박형숙 ( Park Hyoung-Sook ) - 부산대학교 간호대학

Abstract


Purpose: The purpose of this study was to examine effects of music intervention on environmental stress and sleep quality in liver transplant patients who are receiving care in one-person isolation rooms of an ICU.

Methods: The study was a quasi-experimental design pre-and-post nonequivalent control group. Participants were 37 patients (18 in the experimental group and 19 in the control group) who, after receiving liver transplant, were hospitalized in one-person isolation rooms of the ICU. The study covered patients admitted between August 2016 and December 2017. Earplugs and sleep shades were provided as ordinary care to both experimental and control groups, and music intervention was provided to the experimental group three times a day for 30 minutes each from the first day of hospitalization.

Results: The first hypothesis, “The experimental group who received music intervention will experience a lower environmental stress level than the control group” was supported (Z=-3.212, p<.001). The second hypothesis, “The experimental group who received music intervention will experience a higher sleep quality than the control group” was also supported (t=3.715, p=.001).

Conclusion: Findings show that music intervention is an effective nursing intervention to reduce environmental stress and improve sleep quality in liver transplant patients in the ICU.

키워드

간이식; 음악중재; 중환자실; 환경 스트레스; 수면의 질
Liver transplantation; Music therapy; Intensive care units

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