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후각과 미각 이상의 치료

Treatments for Smell and Taste Disorders

임상이비인후과 2020년 31권 2호 p.139 ~ 147
김진국,
소속 상세정보
김진국 ( Kim Jin-Kook ) - Konkuk University School of Medicine Department of Otorhinolaryngology-Head and Neck Surgery

Abstract


The dysfunction to smell and taste, is estimated to afflict 3?20% of the population. Risk of chemosensory dysfunction increases with old age and may also result from chronic sinonasal diseases, severe head trauma, and upper respiratory infections, or neurodegenerative diseases. These disorders impair the ability to sense warning odors in foods and the environment, as well as hinder the quality of life related to social interactions, eating, and feelings of wellbeing. The primary concern of both patients and doctors with chemosensory dysfunction is to eliminate them and determine if they can be treated. Appropriate and direct treatment methods can be applied in cases of olfactory disorders involving oral, nasal or intracranial pathology. In cases where damage to the sensory pathways is secondary to chronic inflammatory disease, trauma, viral invasion, toxic exposure, or unknown causes, the direction for therapy is more challenging. However, in actual cases, many olfactory disorders are irreversible after a certain period of time, but in other cases, recovery without special treatment may occur.
Therefore, despite many recent basic and clinical trials, effective treatment is limited. This review article attempts to find out the methods of the latest treatments proposed in the case of olfactory and taste disorders, and to find out the advantages and disadvantages of each.

키워드

후각; 미각; 질환; 치료
Smell; Taste; Disorders; Treatemnt

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