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Research Advances of Leptotrombidium scutellare in China

Korean Journal of Parasitology 2021년 59권 1호 p.1 ~ 8
Xiang Rong, Guo Xian-Guo,
소속 상세정보
 ( Xiang Rong ) - Dali University Vector Laboratory, Institute of Pathogens and Vectors
 ( Guo Xian-Guo ) - Dali University Vector Laboratory, Institute of Pathogens and Vectors

Abstract


Leptotrombidium scutellare is one of the 6 main vectors of scrub typhus in China. It has been found in more than 15 provinces of China. Especially in Yunnan, it was found to be mainly distributed in some mountainous areas with high altitude, low temperature and low precipitation. Rodents and some other small mammals were the most common hosts of L. scutellare. To date, more than 40 host species of L. scutellare have been recorded with very low host specificity, and the main hosts varied in different geographical regions. L. scutellare had a strong resistance against the cold environment, and the temperature and humidity were 2 important factors affecting its growth and development. Among different individuals of their rodent hosts, L. scutellare mites often showed an aggregated distribution pattern, which reflected the interspecific cooperation of the mites. The chromosome karyotype of L. scutellare was 2n=16 and all the 8 pairs of chromosomes were short rod-shaped with metacentric or sub-metacentric types. The isozyme spectrum supported that L. scutellare, L. deliense and L. rubellum were in the same species group. Based on the natural infection, experimental transmission and epidemiological evidence, L. scutellare has been eventually confirmed as the second major vector of scrub typhus in China, which is second only to L. deliense.

키워드

Leptotrombidium scutellare; chigger mite; vector; scrub typhus; review

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