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Arabinoxylo- and Arabino-Oligosaccharides-Specific α-L-Arabinofuranosidase GH51 Isozymes from the Amylolytic Yeast Saccharomycopsis fibuligera

Journal of Microbiology and Biotechnology 2021년 31권 2호 p.272 ~ 279
박태현, 최장윤, 김현진, Song Jeong-Rok, 박다미, 강현아, 김태집,
소속 상세정보
박태현 ( Park Tae-Hyeon ) - Chungbuk National University Graduate School Division of Animal, Horticultural and Food Sciences
최장윤 ( Choi Chang-Yun ) - Chungbuk National University Graduate School Division of Animal, Horticultural and Food Sciences
김현진 ( Kim Hyeon-Jin ) - Chung-Ang University Department of Life Science
 ( Song Jeong-Rok ) - Chungbuk National University Graduate School Division of Animal, Horticultural and Food Sciences
박다미 ( Park Da-Mee ) - Chungbuk National University Graduate School Division of Animal, Horticultural and Food Sciences
강현아 ( Kang Hyun-Ah ) - Chung-Ang University Department of Life Science
김태집 ( Kim Tae-Jip ) - Chungbuk National University Graduate School Division of Animal, Horticultural and Food Sciences

Abstract


Two genes encoding probable α-L-arabinofuranosidase (E.C. 3.2.1.55) isozymes (ABFs) with 92.3% amino acid sequence identity, ABF51A and ABF51B, were found from chromosomes 3 and 5 of Saccharomycopsis fibuligera KJJ81, an amylolytic yeast isolated from Korean wheat-based nuruk, respectively. Each open reading frame consists of 1,551 nucleotides and encodes a protein of 517 amino acids with the molecular mass of approximately 59 kDa. These isozymes share approximately 49% amino acid sequence identity with eukaryotic ABFs from filamentous fungi. The corresponding genes were cloned, functionally expressed, and purified from Escherichia coli. SfABF51A and SfABF51B showed the highest activities on p-nitrophenyl arabinofuranoside at 40~45°C and pH 7.0 in sodium phosphate buffer and at 50°C and pH 6.0 in sodium acetate buffer, respectively. These exo-acting enzymes belonging to the glycoside hydrolase (GH) family 51 could hydrolyze arabinoxylo-oligosaccharides (AXOS) and arabino-oligosaccharides (AOS) to produce only L-arabinose, whereas they could hardly degrade any polymeric substrates including arabinans and arabinoxylans. The detailed product analyses revealed that both SfABF51 isozymes can catalyze the versatile hydrolysis of α-(1,2)-and α-(1,3)-L-arabinofuranosidic linkages of AXOS, and α-(1,2)-, α-(1,3)-, and α-(1,5)-linkages of linear and branched AOS. On the contrary, they have much lower activity against the α-(1,2)-and α-(1,3)-double-substituted substrates than the single-substituted ones. These hydrolases could potentially play important roles in the degradation and utilization of hemicellulosic biomass by S. fibuligera.

키워드

Saccharomycopsis fibuligera; α-L-arabinofuranosidases; arabino-oligosaccharides; arabinoxylooligosaccharides; L-arabinose

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