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The Relationship between Children’s Sensory Processing and Executive Functioning: An Explanatory Study

대한작업치료학회지 2021년 29권 1호 p.129 ~ 145
Brown Ted, Swayn Emma, Lyons Carissa, Chu Eli, Taylor Julia,
소속 상세정보
 ( Brown Ted ) - Monash University Faculty of Medicine, Nursing and Health Sciences Department of Occupational Therapy
 ( Swayn Emma ) - Darwin Private Hospital Occupational Therapist
 ( Lyons Carissa ) - Monash University Faculty of Medicine, Nursing and Health Sciences Department of Occupational Therapy
 ( Chu Eli ) - Monash University Faculty of Medicine, Nursing and Health Sciences Department of Occupational Therapy
 ( Taylor Julia ) - Monash University Faculty of Medicine, Nursing and Health Sciences Department of Occupational Therapy

Abstract


Objectives: Practitioners work with children presenting with sensory processing difficulties. There is limitedevidence about the relationship between children’s sensory processing and their executive functioning. Thisstudy investigated the relationship between children’s sensory processing and executive functioning.

Methods: Forty parents/guardians of typically developing children (M = 7.42 years [89.05 months; SD = 11.13];50% female) from Australia completed the Sensory Processing Measure (SPM) and Behavior Rating Inventory ofExecutive Function, Second Edition (BRIEF2). Scores were analysed using Spearman rho correlations with bootstrapping.

Results: Some SPM subscales were found to be significantly correlated with the four BRIEF2 composite scales: theBehavior Regulation Index (BRI; rs = .31 - .38, p < .05), Emotion Regulation Index (ERI; rs = .34 - .59, p < .05),Cognitive Regulation Index (CRI; rs = .32 - .45, p < .05) and Global Executive Composite (GEC; rs = .32 - .45;p < .05). The SPM subscales were also found to be predictive of the BRIEF2 composite scales: ERI regressionmodel (Adj R 2 = .27, p < .005), CRI regression model (Adj R 2 = .34, p < .001) and GEC regression model(Adj R 2 = .37, p < .001).

Discussion: This study provides preliminary evidence that children’s sensory processing factors impact theirexecutive functioning since they appear to be significantly associated. This information can be used to informoccupational therapists’ goal setting and intervention provision with children and their families.

키워드

Behavior Rating Inventory of Executive Function Second Edition; Child; Occupational therapy; Sensory processing; Sensory Processing Measure; Validity

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