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폐경 여성의 삶의 질 영향요인

Factors influencing quality of life in post-menopausal women

여성건강간호학회지 2020년 26권 4호 p.336 ~ 345
신현숙, 이은주,
소속 상세정보
신현숙 ( Shin Hyun-Sook ) - Yein Woman Clinic
이은주 ( Lee Eun-Joo ) - Kyungnam University Department of Nursing

Abstract


Purpose: This study aimed to identify factors influencing quality of life in post-menopausal women.

Methods: The participants were 194 post-menopausal women who visited a women’s clinic in Changwon, Korea from July 1 to August 31, 2018, and completed questionnaires containing items on menopausal symptoms, marital intimacy, current menopausal hormone therapy (MHT), and quality of life. Collected data were analyzed by descriptive statistics, the independent t-test, Pearson correlation coefficients, and multiple regression using SPSS for Windows version 23.0.

Results: Quality of life had a significant negative correlation with menopausal symptoms (r=?.40, p<.001), and a significant positive correlation with marital intimacy (r=.54, p<.001). The factors influencing the quality of life of post-menopausal women were current MHT (t=6.32, p<.001), marital intimacy (t=4.94, p<.001), monthly family income (t=4.78, p<.001), menopausal symptoms (t=?4.37, p<.001), and education level (t=3.66, p<.001). These variables had an explanatory power of 59.2% for quality of life in post-menopausal women.

Conclusion: In order to improve the quality of life of post-menopausal women, nursing interventions are needed to help menopausal women choose appropriate MHT, alleviate menopausal symptoms, and increase marital intimacy. Interventions should also be prioritized for women of a low educational level and with a low income in consideration of their health problems.

키워드

호르몬대체요법; 폐경; 삶의질; 여성
Hormone replacement therapy; Menopause; Quality of life; Women

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