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모아의 환경적 건강에 대한 출산 코호트 효과: 체계적 고찰

Birth cohort effects on maternal and child environmental health: a systematic review

여성건강간호학회지 2021년 27권 1호 p.27 ~ 39
채정미, 김현경,
소속 상세정보
채정미 ( Chae Jung-Mi ) - Health Insurance Review and Assessment Service HIRA Research Institute
김현경 ( Kim Hyun-Kyoung ) - Kongju National University Department of Nursing

Abstract


Purpose: This study aimed to review recent findings from birth cohort studies on maternal and child environmental health.

Methods: Birth cohort studies regarding environmental health outcomes for mothers and their children were investigated through a systematic review. A literature search was conducted in PubMed, CINAHL, the Cochrane Library, Embase, and RISS to identify published studies using the keywords using a combination of the following keywords: maternal exposure, environmental exposure, health, cohort, and birth cohort. Articles were searched and a quality appraisal using the Newcastle-Ottawa Scale for cohort studies was done.

Results: A review of the 14 selected studies revealed that prenatal and early life exposure to environmental pollutants had negative impacts on physical, cognitive, and behavioral development among mothers and children up to 12 years later. Environmental pollutants included endocrine disruptors, air pollution (e.g., particulate matter), and heavy metals.

Conclusion: This systematic review demonstrated that exposure to environmental pollutants negatively influences maternal and children’s environmental health outcomes from pregnancy to the early years of life. Therefore, maternal health care professionals should take steps to reduce mothers’ and children’s exposure to environmental pollutants.

키워드

코호트 연구; 환경적 노출; 환경적 건강; 임신; 체계적 고찰
Cohort studies; Environmental exposure; Environmental health; Pregnancy; Systematic review

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