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Comparison of the number of live births, maternal age at childbirth, and weight of live births between Korean women and immigrant women in 2018

여성건강간호학회지 2021년 27권 1호 p.40 ~ 48
김선희, 김수영, 박병제, 이석민, 박상희, 정금희, 김경원, 강숙정,
소속 상세정보
김선희 ( Kim Sun-Hee ) - Daegu Catholic University College of Nursing
김수영 ( Kim Soo-Young ) - Statistics Korea Vital Statistics Division
박병제 ( Park Byeong-Je ) - Statistics Korea Vital Statistics Division
이석민 ( Lee Seok-Min ) - Statistics Korea Vital Statistics Division
박상희 ( Park Sang-Hee ) - Statistics Korea Vital Statistics Division
정금희 ( Jeong Geum-Hee ) - Hallym University School of Nursing
김경원 ( Kim Kyung-Won ) - Daegu Haany University Department of Nursing
강숙정 ( Kang Sook-Jung ) - Ewha Womans University College of Nursing

Abstract


Purpose: This study compared maternal age at childbirth, the number of live births, and the weight of live births between Korean women and immigrant women using statistical data from the Republic of Korea for the period of 2008?2018.

Methods: The analysis was conducted using data from the Microdata Integrated Service of Statistics Korea (https://mdis.kostat.go.kr/index.do).

Results: Korean women and immigrant women showed a higher age at childbirth in 2018 than in 2008. The percentage of newborns of Korean women with a birth weight of less than 2.5 kg increased slightly for 3 consecutive years from 2016 to 2018, whereas for immigrant women, this percentage increased in 2017 compared to 2016 and then decreased again in 2018. Very low birth weight (less than 1.5 kg) became more common among immigrant women from 2016 to 2018. Birth at a gestational age of fewer than 37 weeks increased both among Korean and immigrant women from 2016 to 2018. In both groups, the percentage of women who had their first child within their first 2 years of marriage decreased from 2008 to 2018.

Conclusion: Immigrant women had higher birth rates than Korean women, while both groups showed an increasing trend in preterm birth. Greater attention should be paid to the pregnancy and birth needs of immigrant women, and steps are needed to ensure health equity and access in order to prevent preterm births. It is also necessary to identify factors that affect preterm birth and birth of very low birth weight infants among immigrant women in the future.

키워드

Birth weight; Emigrants and immigrants; Gestational age; Live birth; Newborn infant

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