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Effects of Sit-to-Stand Training on Unstable Surface on Balance in Subject With Stroke

한국전문물리치료학회지 2013년 20권 3호 p.1 ~ 8
박진, 우영근, 박소연,
소속 상세정보
박진 ( Park Jin ) - 전주대학교 대학원 재활과학과
우영근 ( Woo Young-Geun ) - 전주대학교 의과학대학 물리치료학과
박소연 ( Park So-Yeon ) - 상지대학교 보건과학대학 물리치료학과

Abstract


The purpose of this study was to determine the effectiveness of sit-to-stand training on unstable surfaces in individuals with stroke. Nineteen subjects with chronic stroke were divided into two groups: an experimental group (10 subjects) and a control group (9 subjects). They received 30 minutes of Neuro-developmental therapy (NDT) treatment, and sit-to-stand exercise for 15 minutes three times a week for four weeks. During the sit-to-stand training, the experimental group performed on an unstable AIREX balance pad, but the control group performed on a stable surface. Balance ability and weight-bearing distribution during quiet standing were measured before and after training period using the 7-item Berg balance scale-3P (BBS-3P) and the Five-times-sit-to-stand test (FTSST). In addition, the muscle strength of the knee extensor was evaluated before and after the training period. The results were as follows: 1) The weight-bearing distribution forward of the affected leg, increased significantly in the experimental group after the four-week intervention (p<.05), 2) The 7-item BBS-3P and FTSST increased significantly in the experimental group after the four-week intervention (p<.05), 3) The knee extensor muscle strength in both groups increased significantly after the four-week intervention (p<.05). In conclusion, the results of this study did not show that the sit-to-stand training on an unstable surface was more effective than on a stable surface. However, the results suggested that sit-to-stand training is effective in the balance training of stroke patients.

키워드

Balance; Sit-to-stand; Stroke; Unstable surface training

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